open access

Vol 67, No 2 (2017)
Research paper (original)
Published online: 2017-10-16
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The sociodemographic profile of women participating in mammography screening in Lower Silesia

Elżbieta Garwacka-Czachor, Adam Maciejczyk, Marek Bębenek
DOI: 10.5603/NJO.2017.0014
·
Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology 2017;67(2):89-95.

open access

Vol 67, No 2 (2017)
Original article
Published online: 2017-10-16

Abstract

Introduction. Female breast cancer is the most common malignancy worldwide. An important element of cancer control involves population-based screening, which aims to reduce related mortality. Screening programs can only serve their purpose if they are long-term and available on a mass scale; accordingly, they are deemed effective as long as they cover at least 70% of the target population. Alarmingly, the coverage of breast cancer screening in Poland is markedly lower. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of selected sociodemographic factors on the participation of women in mammography screening.

Material and methods. The study included a population of Lower Silesian women aged 50 to 69, who participated in mammography screening, and analyzed a total of 32,626 questionnaires collected by means of a diagnostic survey between January 3, 2007 and December 30, 2011. Examined sociodemographic factors included the place of residence, age, educational level, and occupational status.

Results. The largest group of screening participants comprised women aged 55 to 59 (30%), from Wrocław and the neighboring districts, with at least secondary education (74%), mostly old-age and disability pensioners (55%).

Conclusions. Place of residence, age, education and occupation have a significant impact on the participation of Lower Silesian women in mammography screening. Age and disability pensioners aged 55–59 with at least secondary education are more likely to participate.

Abstract

Introduction. Female breast cancer is the most common malignancy worldwide. An important element of cancer control involves population-based screening, which aims to reduce related mortality. Screening programs can only serve their purpose if they are long-term and available on a mass scale; accordingly, they are deemed effective as long as they cover at least 70% of the target population. Alarmingly, the coverage of breast cancer screening in Poland is markedly lower. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of selected sociodemographic factors on the participation of women in mammography screening.

Material and methods. The study included a population of Lower Silesian women aged 50 to 69, who participated in mammography screening, and analyzed a total of 32,626 questionnaires collected by means of a diagnostic survey between January 3, 2007 and December 30, 2011. Examined sociodemographic factors included the place of residence, age, educational level, and occupational status.

Results. The largest group of screening participants comprised women aged 55 to 59 (30%), from Wrocław and the neighboring districts, with at least secondary education (74%), mostly old-age and disability pensioners (55%).

Conclusions. Place of residence, age, education and occupation have a significant impact on the participation of Lower Silesian women in mammography screening. Age and disability pensioners aged 55–59 with at least secondary education are more likely to participate.

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Keywords

breast cancer, mammography screening, prevention

About this article
Title

The sociodemographic profile of women participating in mammography screening in Lower Silesia

Journal

Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology

Issue

Vol 67, No 2 (2017)

Article type

Research paper (original)

Pages

89-95

Published online

2017-10-16

DOI

10.5603/NJO.2017.0014

Bibliographic record

Nowotwory. Journal of Oncology 2017;67(2):89-95.

Keywords

breast cancer
mammography screening
prevention

Authors

Elżbieta Garwacka-Czachor
Adam Maciejczyk
Marek Bębenek

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