Vol 7, No 2 (2022)
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Published online: 2022-06-13

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Selected adipocytokine concentrations in patients hospitalized for exacerbated chronic heart failure

Anna Wawrzeńczyk1, Marzena Anaszewicz2, Beata Szukay1, Wioletta Banaś1, Kinga Lis3, Magdalena Żbikowska-Gotz3, Zbigniew Bartuzi3, Jacek Budzyński1
Medical Research Journal 2022;7(2):142-150.

Abstract

Introduction: The role of adipose tissue as energy storage and endocrine organ is an area of interest in the treatment of several diseases. This study aimed to to evaluate blood adiponectin (ADP), leptin, tumor necrosis factor type alpha (TNF-alpha) concentrations, and their prognostic value in patients with exacerbated chronic heart failure (CHF).

Methods and results: The following were assessed in 64 consecutive patients hospitalized for exacerbated CHF and a control group of 32 age and sex-matched individuals admitted due to life-limiting symptoms of peripheral artery disease: serum leptin, ADP, TNF-alpha concentrations, and body composition determined by bioelectrical impedance analysis. Compared to the control group, CHF patients had significantly higher blood ADP concentrations, a higher ratio of ADP to fat mass expressed as a percentage of body mass, and lower blood TNF-alpha concentrations and ratios of TNF-alpha to the visceral fat level (VFL). Compared to patients who survived, patients with CHF who died during the one-year follow-up had significantly higher values of ADP and higher ratios of ADP to body surface area. In the Cox regression model, blood ADP concentration was the only independent risk factor in respect of all-cause mortality during the one-year follow-up (HR; 95% CI: 1.16; 1.03-1.31).

Conclusions: Patients with CHF present dysregulation in the secretion of ADP and TNF-alpha. Increased blood ADP concentration was associated with an increase in one-year all-cause mortality by 16%.

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