Vol 6, No 1 (2021)
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Published online: 2021-01-29

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Evaluation of the correlation between Ki-67 proliferative index and the histopathological grade of invasive neoplasms in early breast cancer aged < 70 years of age: a review of 300 cases

Abdalla Saad Abdalla Al-Zawi12, Abdul Syed3, Ali Salih1, Philip Idaewor1, Mohamed Elamass1, Agnieszka Kapturek4
Medical Research Journal 2021;6(1):4-7.

Abstract

Background and objectives: according to the WHO 2018 reports, breast cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer deaths worldwide. The breast cancer is recognized as the most common malignancy in the UK, it accounts for about 15% of all newly diagnosed malignancies, followed by prostate (13%), lung (13%), and bowel (11%). Ki-67 proliferative index became a key element in the diagnostic process of breast cancer, in addition to its role as a predictive tool and prognostic marker during the planning of adjuvant therapy as hormonal manipulation of systemic chemotherapy. The study aims to present the correlation analysis between Ki-67 and the different histological grade in breast cancer tumours.

Material and methods:
a cohort of 300 patients treated for early breast cancer was included in the study. The demographic data, histopathological subtype, hormonal and HER2 (Human epidermal growth factor receptor-2) receptor status and Ki-67 were analysed. The cut-off point was set at 20% to distinguish “high Ki-67” from “low Ki-67”.

Results:
about 35% (n = 106) of the cases were grade II with low Ki-67 , 26% (n = 79) grade III with high Ki-67, 19% (n = 56) grade II with high Ki-67, 11% (n = 34) grade I with low Ki-67. The high Ki-67 seen in 135 patients who belong to grade II and III groups (45%), where low Ki-67 in 42% of those cases, however, grade III alone contained more cases of high Ki-67 than any other histological grade group.

Conclusions: a higher tumour histopathologic grade was correlated with higher Ki-67 values (OR = 7.12, 95% CI 16.75–3.03; p < 0.0001).

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