Vol 5, No 3 (2020)
Original article
Published online: 2020-09-07

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Soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation

Marzena Anaszewicz1, Joanna Wiśniewska1, Artur Mieczkowski1, Marcin Wasielewski1, Karol Suppan1, Beata Czerniak1, Kinga Lis2, Magdalena Żbikowska-Gotz2, Zbigniew Bartuzi2, Jacek Budzyński1
Medical Research Journal 2020;5(3):158-166.

Abstract

Background: Disturbances in atrial microcirculation is recognized as a risk factor for atrial fibrillation (AF).

Aim:
The aim of this study was to determine the associations between circulating soluble vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (sVCAM-1) and the risk of AF and a one-year prognosis among consecutive inpatients.

Methods:
Eighty consecutive inpatients hospitalized due to non-valvular AF and 80 consecutive inpatients admitted for exacerbation of chronic coronary syndrome (control group) were enrolled in the study. A cardiologic workup was performed and blood sVCAM-1 concentration was determined using the ELISA method.

Results:
Patients with AF had similar blood sVCAM-1 concentration compared to the control group. AF patients treated with new oral anticoagulants (NOACs) were significantly less likely to have a sVCAM-1 concentration elevated above the median value than patients treated with warfarin (34.2% vs 65.8%; p = 0.01). Patients with an increased percentage of fat mass (FM) had lower sVCAM-1 concentration. The risk of all-cause mortality and MACE during follow-up rose in individuals with elevated sVCAM-1 (≥ 1242 and ≥ 587 ng/ml, respectively) with (OR; 95%CI): 5.39; 1.57-18.45; p = 0.007, and 6.00; 1.18-30.37; p = 0.03, respectively. Risk of death rose with increase in the ratio of sVCAM-1 and FM (1.02; 1.00-1.04; p = 0.019).

Conclusions:
Elevated sVCAM-1 was associated with all-cause mortality and MACE during one-year follow- up, but do not links the risk of AF. Use of NOACs may favorable affect endothelial function, A lower level of sVCAM-1 in obese patients may mediate the phenomenon of the “obesity paradox” in patients with AF.

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