Vol 5, No 3 (2020)
Original article
Published online: 2020-06-05

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Advanced age, time to treatment and long-term mortality: single centre data from the FAST-STEMI network

Monica Verdoia1, Orazio Viola1, Giuseppina D’Amico1, Cinzia Ravetto1, Antonella Comoglio1, Massimo Fusco1, Paolo Giachino1, Sara La Cognata1, Francesca Novara1, Filippo Bristot1, Pierpaolo Pipan1, Morris Magnaghi1, Pier Luigi Solda1, Marta Brancati1, Marco Marcolongo1
Medical Research Journal 2020;5(3):135-140.

Abstract

Background. Optimization of the techniques and larger accessibility to mechanical reperfusion have significantly improved the outcomes of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). However, suboptimal results have been observed in certain higher-risk subsets of patients, as in advanced age, where the benefits of primary PCI are more debated. We evaluated the impact of systematic primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and an optimized STEMI network on the long-term prognosis from a single centre experience.

Methods. We included STEMI patients included in the FAST-STEMI network between 2016 and 2019. Ischemia duration was defined as the time from symptoms onset to coronary reopening (pain-to-balloon, PTB). The primary study endpoint (PE) was a composite of mortality and recurrent MI at long-term follow-up. Indywidual outcome endpoints were also assessed.

Results. We included 253 patients undergoing primary PCI and discharged alive. Mean age was 67.2 ± 12.5 years, 75.1% males and 19.8% diabetics. At a median follow-up of 581 [307–922] days, the primary endpoint occurred in 24 patients (7.9%), of whom 5.5% died. The occurrence of a cardiovascular event was significantly associated with advanced age (p < 0.001), renal failure (p = 0.03), lower ejection fraction at discharge (p = 0.04) and longer in-hospital stay (p = 0.01). The median PTB was 198 minutes [IQR: 125–340 min], that was significantly longer among patients experiencing the PE (p = 0.01). A linear relationship was observed between age and PTB (r = 0.13, p = 0.009). However, both age ≥ 75 years and PTB above the median emerged as independent predictors of the primary endpoint (age: HR [95%CI] = 5.56 [2.26–13.7], p < 0.001, PTB: HR [95%CI] = 3.59 [1.39–9.3], p = 0.01). Similar results were observed for overall mortality.

Conclusion. The present study shows that among STEMI patients undergoing primary PCI in a single centre, the duration of ischemia and advance age are independently associated to long-term mortality and recurrent myocardial infarction. However, longer time to reperfusion was observed among elderly patients.

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