open access

Vol 75, No 7 (2017)
Original articles
Published online: 2017-03-15
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Assessment of mitral apparatus in patients with acute inferoposterior myocardial infarction and ischaemic mitral regurgitation with two-dimensional echocardiography from anatomically correct imaging planes

Karolina Mėlinytė, Živile Valuckiene, Renaldas Jurkevičius
DOI: 10.5603/KP.a2017.0059
·
Kardiol Pol 2017;75(7):655-665.

open access

Vol 75, No 7 (2017)
Original articles
Published online: 2017-03-15

Abstract

Background: Ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is associated with adverse prognosis after myocardial infarction (MI) as a result of left ventricular remodelling and geometric deformation of the mitral apparatus (MA).

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess MA from anatomically correct imaging planes in acute inferoposterior MI and IMR.

Methods: Ninety-three patients with no structural cardiac valve abnormalities and the first acute inferoposterior MI were prospectively enrolled into the study. Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography for MA assessment was performed within 48 h of presentation after reperfusion therapy. Based on the degree of mitral regurgitation (MR), patients were divided into either a no significant MR (NMR) group (n = 52 with no or mild, grade 0–I MR) or an IMR group (n = 41 with grade ≥ 2 MR). The control group consisted of 45 healthy individuals.

Results: Ischaemic MR was related with dilatation of the left ventricle chambers, decrease in ejection fraction, increase in mitral annulus diameter and area, and changes in subvalvular apparatus when compared with the NMR group or healthy individuals.

Conclusions: Ischaemic MR in acute inferoposterior MI is related with worse lesions in MA geometry that cause insufficiency of mitral valve function.

Abstract

Background: Ischaemic mitral regurgitation (IMR) is associated with adverse prognosis after myocardial infarction (MI) as a result of left ventricular remodelling and geometric deformation of the mitral apparatus (MA).

Aim: The aim of this study was to assess MA from anatomically correct imaging planes in acute inferoposterior MI and IMR.

Methods: Ninety-three patients with no structural cardiac valve abnormalities and the first acute inferoposterior MI were prospectively enrolled into the study. Two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography for MA assessment was performed within 48 h of presentation after reperfusion therapy. Based on the degree of mitral regurgitation (MR), patients were divided into either a no significant MR (NMR) group (n = 52 with no or mild, grade 0–I MR) or an IMR group (n = 41 with grade ≥ 2 MR). The control group consisted of 45 healthy individuals.

Results: Ischaemic MR was related with dilatation of the left ventricle chambers, decrease in ejection fraction, increase in mitral annulus diameter and area, and changes in subvalvular apparatus when compared with the NMR group or healthy individuals.

Conclusions: Ischaemic MR in acute inferoposterior MI is related with worse lesions in MA geometry that cause insufficiency of mitral valve function.

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Keywords

ischaemic mitral regurgitation, mitral apparatus, myocardial infarction, anatomically correct imaging planes

About this article
Title

Assessment of mitral apparatus in patients with acute inferoposterior myocardial infarction and ischaemic mitral regurgitation with two-dimensional echocardiography from anatomically correct imaging planes

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 75, No 7 (2017)

Pages

655-665

Published online

2017-03-15

DOI

10.5603/KP.a2017.0059

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2017;75(7):655-665.

Keywords

ischaemic mitral regurgitation
mitral apparatus
myocardial infarction
anatomically correct imaging planes

Authors

Karolina Mėlinytė
Živile Valuckiene
Renaldas Jurkevičius

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