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Vol 80, No 4 (2022)
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Published online: 2021-12-31
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Comparison of fusion imaging and two-dimensional angiography to guide percutaneous pulmonary vein interventions

Sebastian Góreczny12, Gareth J Morgan23, Daniel McLennan2, Rizwan Rehman4, Jenny E Zablah23
DOI: 10.33963/KP.a2021.0197
Pubmed: 34970983
Kardiol Pol 2022;80(4):476-478.
  1. Department of Pediatric Cardiology, University Children’s Hospital, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland
  2. Children’s Hospital of Colorado, Aurora, CO, United States
  3. University of Colorado Hospital, Aurora, CO, United States
  4. Birmingham Children’s Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom

open access

Vol 80, No 4 (2022)
Short communication
Published online: 2021-12-31


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Table S1. Patients demographics, risk score and procedural data
About this article

Comparison of fusion imaging and two-dimensional angiography to guide percutaneous pulmonary vein interventions


Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)


Vol 80, No 4 (2022)

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Short communication



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Kardiol Pol 2022;80(4):476-478.


Sebastian Góreczny
Gareth J Morgan
Daniel McLennan
Rizwan Rehman
Jenny E Zablah

References (10)
  1. Frank DB, Levy PT, Stiver CA, et al. Primary pulmonary vein stenosis during infancy: state of the art review. J Perinatol. 2021; 41(7): 1528–1539.
  2. Feins EN, Callahan R, Baird CW. Pulmonary vein stenosis-evolving surgical management of a challenging disease. Children (Basel). 2021; 8(8): 631.
  3. Callahan R, Gauvreau K, Marshall AC, et al. Outcomes in establishing individual vessel patency for pediatric pulmonary vein stenosis. Children (Basel). 2021; 8(3): 210.
  4. McLennan D, Góreczny S, Jone PN, et al. Left ventricular outflow tract pseudoaneurysm occlusion with fusion of live 3‑dimensional transesophageal echocardiography and fluoroscopy. Kardiol Pol. 2019; 77(6): 647–648.
  5. Góreczny S, Krings G, Hijazi ZM, et al. Pros, cons and future perspectives — three questions on three dimensional guidance for cardiac catheterization in congenital heart disease. Postepy Kardiol Interwencyjnej. 2019; 15(3): 263–273.
  6. Bruckheimer E, Goreczny S. Advanced imaging techniques to assist transcatheter congenital heart defects therapies. Progress in Pediatric Cardiology. 2021; 61: 101373.
  7. Ehret N, Alkassar M, Dittrich S, et al. A new approach of three-dimensional guidance in paediatric cath lab: segmented and tessellated heart models for cardiovascular interventions in CHD. Cardiol Young. 2018; 28(5): 661–667.
  8. Goreczny S, Moszura T, Dryzek P, et al. Three-dimensional image fusion guidance of percutaneous pulmonary valve implantation to reduce radiation exposure and contrast dose: A comparison with traditional two-dimensional and three-dimensional rotational angiographic guidance. Neth Heart J. 2017; 25(2): 91–99.
  9. Goreczny S, Dryzek P, Morgan GJ, et al. Novel three-dimensional image fusion software to facilitate guidance of complex cardiac catheterization: 3D image fusion for interventions in CHD. Pediatr Cardiol. 2017; 38(6): 1133–1142.
  10. Goreczny S, Morgan GJ, Dryzek P, et al. Initial experience with live three-dimensional image overlay for ductal stenting in hypoplastic left heart syndrome. EuroIntervention. 2016; 12(12): 1527–1533.


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