open access

Vol 80, No 2 (2022)
Original article
Published online: 2021-12-31
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Complexity of changes in right ventricular morphology and function in patients undergoing cardiac surgery — 3D echocardiographic study

Paulina Wejner-Mik1, Jarosław D Kasprzak1, Ewa Szymczyk1, Katarzyna Wdowiak-Okrojek1, Arkadiusz Ammer2, Grzegorz Religa2, Piotr Lipiec1
DOI: 10.33963/KP.a2021.0195
·
Pubmed: 34970985
·
Kardiol Pol 2022;80(2):156-162.
Affiliations
  1. 1st Department and Chair of Cardiology, Medical University of Lodz, Bieganski Hospital, Łódź, Poland
  2. Department of Cardiac Surgery, Bieganski Hospital, Łódź, Poland

open access

Vol 80, No 2 (2022)
Original article
Published online: 2021-12-31

Abstract

Background: An impairment of standard echocardiographic parameters of right ventricular (RV) function is a known phenomenon in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, but its significance remains unclear.
Aims: This study aimed to assess changes in RV function in patients undergoing cardiac surgery using speckle tracking and 3D echocardiography.
Methods: The study population comprised 122 patients referred for cardiac surgery. Transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) examinations were performed: before the surgery (TTE1), 1 week after surgery (TTE2), and 1 year after surgery (TTE 3). Parameters measured during these examinations included both standard and advanced indices of the RV size and function, as well as a new parameter introduced by our team — RV shortening fraction (RV SF).
Results: TTE1 was performed on average (standard deviation [SD]) 24 (15) hours before surgery, whereas TTE2 and TTE3 were performed on average 7.2 (3) days and 346 (75) days after the surgery, respectively. A postoperative impairment of parameters of RV longitudinal function was observed (P <0.001). However, neither the RV size assessed by both 2D and 3D techniques changed, nor the global RV function measured with the use of fractional area change and ejection fraction. Additionally, during the postoperative period, an increase in the value of an RV SF by 12.9% was observed. After 12 months we observed an improvement in the parameters of the longitudinal RV function.
Conclusions: Uncomplicated cardiac surgery causes transient impairment of the longitudinal systolic RV function, with no influence on the global RV function. The preservation of global function results from increased RV SF. After 12 months, an improvement of the longitudinal function can be observed.

Abstract

Background: An impairment of standard echocardiographic parameters of right ventricular (RV) function is a known phenomenon in patients undergoing cardiac surgery, but its significance remains unclear.
Aims: This study aimed to assess changes in RV function in patients undergoing cardiac surgery using speckle tracking and 3D echocardiography.
Methods: The study population comprised 122 patients referred for cardiac surgery. Transthoracic echocardiographic (TTE) examinations were performed: before the surgery (TTE1), 1 week after surgery (TTE2), and 1 year after surgery (TTE 3). Parameters measured during these examinations included both standard and advanced indices of the RV size and function, as well as a new parameter introduced by our team — RV shortening fraction (RV SF).
Results: TTE1 was performed on average (standard deviation [SD]) 24 (15) hours before surgery, whereas TTE2 and TTE3 were performed on average 7.2 (3) days and 346 (75) days after the surgery, respectively. A postoperative impairment of parameters of RV longitudinal function was observed (P <0.001). However, neither the RV size assessed by both 2D and 3D techniques changed, nor the global RV function measured with the use of fractional area change and ejection fraction. Additionally, during the postoperative period, an increase in the value of an RV SF by 12.9% was observed. After 12 months we observed an improvement in the parameters of the longitudinal RV function.
Conclusions: Uncomplicated cardiac surgery causes transient impairment of the longitudinal systolic RV function, with no influence on the global RV function. The preservation of global function results from increased RV SF. After 12 months, an improvement of the longitudinal function can be observed.

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Keywords

3D echocardiography, cardiac surgery, right ventricular function

About this article
Title

Complexity of changes in right ventricular morphology and function in patients undergoing cardiac surgery — 3D echocardiographic study

Journal

Kardiologia Polska (Polish Heart Journal)

Issue

Vol 80, No 2 (2022)

Article type

Original article

Pages

156-162

Published online

2021-12-31

Page views

806

Article views/downloads

153

DOI

10.33963/KP.a2021.0195

Pubmed

34970985

Bibliographic record

Kardiol Pol 2022;80(2):156-162.

Keywords

3D echocardiography
cardiac surgery
right ventricular function

Authors

Paulina Wejner-Mik
Jarosław D Kasprzak
Ewa Szymczyk
Katarzyna Wdowiak-Okrojek
Arkadiusz Ammer
Grzegorz Religa
Piotr Lipiec

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