open access

Vol 66, No 2 (2015)
HYPERBARIC MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2015-06-17
Submitted: 2015-06-17
Accepted: 2015-06-17
Get Citation

Predicted nine-year risk of diabetes among professional divers: a prospective study

Richard Pougnet, Marie Uguen, Grégoire Verdier, Laurence Pougnet, David Lucas, Brice Loddé, Jean-Dominique Dewitte
DOI: 10.5603/IMH.2015.0021
·
Pubmed: 26119678
·
International Maritime Health 2015;66(2):87-92.

open access

Vol 66, No 2 (2015)
HYPERBARIC MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2015-06-17
Submitted: 2015-06-17
Accepted: 2015-06-17

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess diabetes predictive score for professional divers followed-up in one medical centre in France.

Materials and Methods: This prospective study, performed during 2013, included professional divers who were followed in a French maritime medicine centre. Data about their professional history of diving and dive profiles were collected. The clinical and biological data collected included: age, waist circumference, biometrics, body mass index, smoking status, blood pressure, practicing sports, glycaemia, triglyceridaemia, total cholesterolaemia, HDL and LDL cholesterolaemia. The predicted 9-year risk of diabetes was calculated according to the DESIRE score. Data were analysed using Epidata® software, by Pearson c2 test or by Fisher’s exact test, by analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis test, and by Spearman correlation coefficient.

Results: Out of the 64 deep-sea divers taking part in the study, diabetes risk was estimated for 60 divers. The predictive 9-year risk of diabetes was higher than 10% for 31.7% of the divers and higher than 30% for 6.7% of the divers.

Conclusions: In France, people with diabetes have been declared definitely medically unfit to dive. The interest to assess the prevalence of risk factors and the predictive risk of diabetes arises from the need for prevention.

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess diabetes predictive score for professional divers followed-up in one medical centre in France.

Materials and Methods: This prospective study, performed during 2013, included professional divers who were followed in a French maritime medicine centre. Data about their professional history of diving and dive profiles were collected. The clinical and biological data collected included: age, waist circumference, biometrics, body mass index, smoking status, blood pressure, practicing sports, glycaemia, triglyceridaemia, total cholesterolaemia, HDL and LDL cholesterolaemia. The predicted 9-year risk of diabetes was calculated according to the DESIRE score. Data were analysed using Epidata® software, by Pearson c2 test or by Fisher’s exact test, by analysis of variance or Kruskal-Wallis test, and by Spearman correlation coefficient.

Results: Out of the 64 deep-sea divers taking part in the study, diabetes risk was estimated for 60 divers. The predictive 9-year risk of diabetes was higher than 10% for 31.7% of the divers and higher than 30% for 6.7% of the divers.

Conclusions: In France, people with diabetes have been declared definitely medically unfit to dive. The interest to assess the prevalence of risk factors and the predictive risk of diabetes arises from the need for prevention.

Get Citation

Keywords

diving, medical history taking, statistics, numerical data, risk assessment methods, diabetes mellitus

About this article
Title

Predicted nine-year risk of diabetes among professional divers: a prospective study

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 66, No 2 (2015)

Pages

87-92

Published online

2015-06-17

DOI

10.5603/IMH.2015.0021

Pubmed

26119678

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2015;66(2):87-92.

Keywords

diving
medical history taking
statistics
numerical data
risk assessment methods
diabetes mellitus

Authors

Richard Pougnet
Marie Uguen
Grégoire Verdier
Laurence Pougnet
David Lucas
Brice Loddé
Jean-Dominique Dewitte

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