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Research paper
Published online: 2021-03-10
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Past physical activity and its influence on female functioning during perimenopause

Katarzyna Szuscik-Niewiadomy, Ryszard Plinta, Pawel Niewiadomy, Andrzej Knapik
DOI: 10.5603/GP.a2021.0028

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2021-03-10

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess correlations between practising sports at an elite level at a young age,
and the current physical activity level, selected sociometric features and the severity of menopausal symptoms in women
during perimenopause, which will contribute to the knowledge about undertaking sports activity.
Material and methods: The study involved a total of 334 females aged 45–65. They were purposefully assigned to both a study
and control group. The study group included 148 women — former elite athletes qualified based on the presumed criteria. The
control group consisted of 154 women who did not meet the criterion of practising sports activity earlier in life. In order to conduct
the study, we applied the method of a diagnostic survey. The outcome measure was a survey questionnaire and contained
questions concerning sociometric features, some elements of gynaecological history, and physical activity undertaken in the
past. The second part used the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Blatt-Kupperman Menopausal Index.
Results: The groups were homogenous in terms of age and BMI. The former athletes most frequently used to practise
athletics, team games and swimming. Both groups displayed no differences regarding the age at menarche, the onset of
sexual activity, and the presence and regularity of menstruation. The former athletes had fewer children compared to the
controls. They manifested a higher level of physical activity in particular areas and intensity categories. The comparison
between the two groups did not show statistically significant differences in the severity of menopausal symptoms.
Conclusions: Sports training in the past differentiates selected sociometric features such as economic activity and a numerous
pregnancies and births. Sports training in the past has an impact on the current level of physical activity — the
females who used to train present its higher level.
Sports training in the past does not differentiate the severity of menopausal symptoms.

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess correlations between practising sports at an elite level at a young age,
and the current physical activity level, selected sociometric features and the severity of menopausal symptoms in women
during perimenopause, which will contribute to the knowledge about undertaking sports activity.
Material and methods: The study involved a total of 334 females aged 45–65. They were purposefully assigned to both a study
and control group. The study group included 148 women — former elite athletes qualified based on the presumed criteria. The
control group consisted of 154 women who did not meet the criterion of practising sports activity earlier in life. In order to conduct
the study, we applied the method of a diagnostic survey. The outcome measure was a survey questionnaire and contained
questions concerning sociometric features, some elements of gynaecological history, and physical activity undertaken in the
past. The second part used the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) and Blatt-Kupperman Menopausal Index.
Results: The groups were homogenous in terms of age and BMI. The former athletes most frequently used to practise
athletics, team games and swimming. Both groups displayed no differences regarding the age at menarche, the onset of
sexual activity, and the presence and regularity of menstruation. The former athletes had fewer children compared to the
controls. They manifested a higher level of physical activity in particular areas and intensity categories. The comparison
between the two groups did not show statistically significant differences in the severity of menopausal symptoms.
Conclusions: Sports training in the past differentiates selected sociometric features such as economic activity and a numerous
pregnancies and births. Sports training in the past has an impact on the current level of physical activity — the
females who used to train present its higher level.
Sports training in the past does not differentiate the severity of menopausal symptoms.

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Keywords

physical activity; sports; menopause; healthy lifestyle

About this article
Title

Past physical activity and its influence on female functioning during perimenopause

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Research paper

Published online

2021-03-10

DOI

10.5603/GP.a2021.0028

Keywords

physical activity
sports
menopause
healthy lifestyle

Authors

Katarzyna Szuscik-Niewiadomy
Ryszard Plinta
Pawel Niewiadomy
Andrzej Knapik

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