Vol 94, No 6 (2023)
Research paper
Published online: 2023-01-20

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Survivin expression at the mRNA level in tumors and the protein concentration in the serum and peritoneal fluid in patients with serous ovarian tumors

Celina Kruszniewska-Rajs1, Marta Smycz-Kubanska2, Barbara Strzalka-Mrozik1, Jaroslaw Strzelczyk2, Wojciech Szanecki3, Andrzej Witek3, Joanna Gola1, Aleksandra Mielczarek-Palacz2
Pubmed: 36929784
Ginekol Pol 2023;94(6):435-441.


Objectives: Ovarian cancer is one of the gynecological cancers that have the worst prognosis. The expression of the proteins from the IAP family (inhibitor of apoptosis protein), including survivin, is observed in many types of cancer.

The aim of the study was to evaluate survivin at the mRNA level in tumors and the protein concentration in the serum and peritoneal fluid of patients with serous ovarian cancer in order to assess the relationship between the concentration of survivin and the histological subtypes of cancer.

Material and methods: The study group consisted of 55 women, including patients with serous ovarian cancer (n = 30, nine low-grade serous carcinoma LGSC, 21 high-grade serous carcinoma HGSC), serous cysts (n = 10) and the control group (n = 15). The concentration of protein in the peritoneal fluid and serum was assessed using ELISA tests. The expression of survivin gene BIRC5 in the tumors was assessed using the RT-qPCR method.

Results: The data that was obtained indicated that the concentration of survivin was higher in the serum of the women with serous ovarian cancer compared those that had benign tumors (p < 0.05) and the control group (p < 0.001). The survivin concentration was also higher in both the serum and peritoneal fluid in the HGSC group compared to the LGSC group (p < 0.001). The mRNA level was highest in the HGSC group, and there was a statistically significant difference compared to those in the benign tumor group and HGSC group ( p < 0.05).

Conclusions: The observed changes prove that the expression level increases significantly in HGSC in both the protein and mRNA levels. Based on these findings, it can be assumed that assessing this parameter could be a useful additional indicator of the progression and differentiation of this type of cancer. However, this requires further research in a larger group of patients and possibly in other types of ovarian cancer

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