Vol 93, No 11 (2022)
Research paper
Published online: 2022-10-11

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Measurement of HE4 six months after first-line treatment as optimal time in identifying patients at high risk of progression advanced ovarian cancer

Beata U. Kotowicz1, Malgorzata Fuksiewicz1, Mariusz Bidzinski2, Alicja Berezowska1, Piotr Sobiczewski2, Maria M. Kowalska1
Pubmed: 36621970
Ginekol Pol 2022;93(11):910-915.

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess the usefulness of determining HE4 and CA125 in ovarian cancer
patients, to indicate which of the measurements may be optimal in the prognosis, depending on the treatment scheme.

Material and methods: The concentrations of CA125 and HE4 were performed in 70 patients with advanced ovarian
cancer during I-line therapy and after treatment. The subjects were divided based on the treatment scheme: group
I - primary surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy, II- neoadjuvant therapy, and surgery.

Results: Multivariate analysis showed that HE4 levels six months after treatment was significantly higher in patients with
disease progression. ROC analysis in the group of patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy showed that the cut-off
values indicating relapse for HE4 and CA125 after six months of follow up, were > 90.4 pmol/L, > 25.6 IU/mL, respectively. In the group of patients not treated with neoadjuvant therapy, the cut-off points differentiating patients with progression were: HE4 > 79.1 pmol/L, CA125 > 30.7 IU/mL. We demonstrated significantly higher HE4 and CA125 at both 6- and 12-months follow-up in patients treated with neoadjuvant therapy. In both groups of patients, the cut-off points were lower than those proposed by the manufacturer of the kits.

Conclusions: Measurement of HE4 six months after treatment may be useful in identifying patients at high risk of
progression, especially when CA125 levels may be non-specifically elevated. The cut-off values indicating relapse for
HE4 and CA125 after six months of follow up may be lower than the normal range.

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