Vol 93, No 1 (2022)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-12-02

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Endocervical polyps in high risk human papillomavirus infections

Irem Kucukyıldız1, Mujdegul Karaca1, Utku Akgor1, Murat Turkyılmaz1, Bekir Keskinkılıc1, Fatih Kara1, Nejat Ozgul1, Murat Gultekin1
Pubmed: 35072226
Ginekol Pol 2022;93(1):7-10.

Abstract

Objectives: Human papillomavirus (HPV) positive patients with and without endocervical polyps is compared with respect to HPV genotypes and presence of pre-invasive diseases. To our knowledge, this is the first and largest report in the literature examining the endocervical polyps in HPV positive cases.

Material and methods: Clinicopathological data for the first one million screening patients (n = 1 060 992) from around the entire country during 2015 and 2016 were targeted for this research. Colposcopy, colposcopic surgical diagnostic procedures and final pathology results of 3499 patients with high-risk (HR) HPV-positive were obtained from reference colposcopy centers. Patients with endocervical polyps (n = 243 [6.9 %]) were accepted as experimental arm while patients without any endocervical polyp (n = 3256 [93.1%]) were regarded as the control group. Age, HPV genotype, Pap smear abnormality, and final pathological results were compared between two groups using Student’s t-test and cross-tabulation chi-square test.

Results: The incidence of endocervical polyp was found to be 6.9 % in HR HPV-positive women. The most common HPV genotypes observed in both groups were HPV 16 or 18. Abnormal cytology reports (≥ ASC-US) were not significantly different between both groups. However, with respect to final pathological diagnosis, patients with endocervical polyp had significantly lower numbers of pre-invasive diseases (31.3% vs 44.2%; p < 0.10).

Conclusions: Endocervical polyps may be more common in patients with HR HPV infections. HPV 18 is observed significantly more, in the HR HPV positive endocervical polyp group. Patients with endocervical polyps do not have increased risk for preinvasive cervical diseases.

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