open access

Vol 92, No 6 (2021)
Research paper
Published online: 2021-04-29
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Association between idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss and genetic polymorphisms in cytokine and matrix metalloproteinase genes

Urszula Wysocka1, Agata Sakowicz2, Lucjusz Jakubowski1, Iwona Pinkier1, Magda Rybak-Krzyszkowska3, Wojciech Alaszewski1, Lech Dudarewicz1, Agnieszka Gach1
DOI: 10.5603/GP.a2021.0089
·
Pubmed: 33914308
·
Ginekol Pol 2021;92(6):440-445.
Affiliations
  1. Polish Mother’s Memorial Hospital Research Institute, Lodz, Poland
  2. Department of Medical Biotechnology, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
  3. Department of Obstetrics and Perinatology, Jagiellonian Medical University of Cracow, Poland Jagiellonian University Medical College, Cracow, Poland

open access

Vol 92, No 6 (2021)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2021-04-29

Abstract

Objectives: Recurrent reproductive loss (RPL) is a global health issue affecting a significant number of women. Approximately half of miscarriages have an unexplained etiology. Familial aggregation and twins studies prove that some cases of the RPL could have a genetic background. Recent evidences suggest that cytokines (e.g. IL-6, TNF alpha or TGF beta) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are important for maintenance of pregnancy. Single gene polymorphisms (SNP), affecting these proteins production or their function may predispose to the loss of the pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the following polymorphisms of IL6 (rs1800795), TNF (rs1800629), TGFB1 (rs1800471), MMP1 (rs1799750), MMP2 (rs2285053 and rs243865), MMP3 (rs35068180), MMP9 (rs3918242) and the recurrent pregnancy loss in polish population.
Material and methods: Study subjects comprised of 67 patients with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss (≥ 2 miscarriages in history) and 75 controls. The distribution of genotypes for selected polymorphisms were determined by RFLP-PCR.
Results: Maternal genotypes GG TNF, or 5A/5A MMP3 may be associated with the recurrent pregnancy loss. No association between the IL6, TGFB1, MMP1, MMP2, or MMP9 studied polymorphisms and the predisposition to miscarriage was found.
Conclusions: This study demonstrated a possible association between rs1800629 TNF, rs35068180 MMP3 polymorphisms and recurrent pregnancy loss.

Abstract

Objectives: Recurrent reproductive loss (RPL) is a global health issue affecting a significant number of women. Approximately half of miscarriages have an unexplained etiology. Familial aggregation and twins studies prove that some cases of the RPL could have a genetic background. Recent evidences suggest that cytokines (e.g. IL-6, TNF alpha or TGF beta) and matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) are important for maintenance of pregnancy. Single gene polymorphisms (SNP), affecting these proteins production or their function may predispose to the loss of the pregnancy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between the following polymorphisms of IL6 (rs1800795), TNF (rs1800629), TGFB1 (rs1800471), MMP1 (rs1799750), MMP2 (rs2285053 and rs243865), MMP3 (rs35068180), MMP9 (rs3918242) and the recurrent pregnancy loss in polish population.
Material and methods: Study subjects comprised of 67 patients with a history of recurrent pregnancy loss (≥ 2 miscarriages in history) and 75 controls. The distribution of genotypes for selected polymorphisms were determined by RFLP-PCR.
Results: Maternal genotypes GG TNF, or 5A/5A MMP3 may be associated with the recurrent pregnancy loss. No association between the IL6, TGFB1, MMP1, MMP2, or MMP9 studied polymorphisms and the predisposition to miscarriage was found.
Conclusions: This study demonstrated a possible association between rs1800629 TNF, rs35068180 MMP3 polymorphisms and recurrent pregnancy loss.

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Keywords

recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL); genetic polymorphisms; cytokines; matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)

About this article
Title

Association between idiopathic recurrent pregnancy loss and genetic polymorphisms in cytokine and matrix metalloproteinase genes

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 92, No 6 (2021)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

440-445

Published online

2021-04-29

DOI

10.5603/GP.a2021.0089

Pubmed

33914308

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2021;92(6):440-445.

Keywords

recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL)
genetic polymorphisms
cytokines
matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)

Authors

Urszula Wysocka
Agata Sakowicz
Lucjusz Jakubowski
Iwona Pinkier
Magda Rybak-Krzyszkowska
Wojciech Alaszewski
Lech Dudarewicz
Agnieszka Gach

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