open access

Vol 91, No 5 (2020)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-05-29
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Evaluation of predictive value of biochemical markers for adverse obstetrics outcomes in pregnancies complicated by cholestasis

Milena Guszczynska-Losy1, Przemyslaw K. Wirstlein2, Ewa Wender-Ozegowska2, Malgorzata Kedzia2
DOI: 10.5603/GP.2020.0051
·
Pubmed: 32495933
·
Ginekol Pol 2020;91(5):269-276.
Affiliations
  1. Gynaecological and Obstetrical University Hospital in Poznan, Poland
  2. Department of Reproduction, Chair of Obstetrics, Gynaecology, and Gynaecological Oncology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland

open access

Vol 91, No 5 (2020)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2020-05-29

Abstract

Objectives: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is significantly more often associated with an abnormal perinatal
outcome compared to a group of healthy pregnant women.
The aim of the study was to analyse the correlation between the adverse perinatal outcome and the biochemical parameters
in pregnancy complicated by cholestasis, and to assess their predictive value for neonatal complications.
Material and methods: Eighty-six patients with ICP were divided into 3 groups according to their fasting serum bile acid
level [group I n = 60, 10–39.90 μmol/L; group II n = 20, 40–99.90 μmol /L; group III n = 6, TBA (total bile acids) ≥ 100.00 μmol/L].
Linear regression models were created to determine the relation of serum TBA, ALT, and AST concentration with total adverse
perinatal outcome, defined as an occurrence of at least one perinatal outcome: stillbirth, preterm birth, spontaneous and
iatrogenic preterm birth, presence of meconium in amniotic fluid, Apgar score (< 7 in 5th min), pH from umbilical artery
(< 7.1), necessity for NICU admission, the presence of breathing disorders, and the need to perform phototherapy.
Results: TBA ≥ 40.00 μmol/L is connected to an elevated risk of the occurrence of total adverse perinatal outcome (OR = 4.17,
p = 0.0037, AUC = 0.62, p = 0.046). TBA ≥ 40.00 μmol/L is a predictor of preterm birth (OR 2.3, p = 0.0117), iatrogenic preterm
birth (OR 2.5, p = 0.006), admission to NICU (OR 2.38, p = 0.0094), intubation or assisted ventilation (OR 2.16, p = 0.0301), and
phototherapy (OR 2.0, p = 0.0438). The threshold value of TBA for the need for phototherapy was 52.7 μmol/L (AUC = 0.67,
p = 0.0089) and for preterm birth, 32.1 μmol/L (AUC = 0.62, p = 0.0251).
Conclusions: Pregnant women with ICP and TBA serum level over 40.00 μmol/L have a worse prognosis regarding obstetric
outcomes. The concentration of bile acids is a predictor of the occurrence of adverse perinatal outcomes, although the
concentration of ALT and AST failed to show such a connection.

Abstract

Objectives: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is significantly more often associated with an abnormal perinatal
outcome compared to a group of healthy pregnant women.
The aim of the study was to analyse the correlation between the adverse perinatal outcome and the biochemical parameters
in pregnancy complicated by cholestasis, and to assess their predictive value for neonatal complications.
Material and methods: Eighty-six patients with ICP were divided into 3 groups according to their fasting serum bile acid
level [group I n = 60, 10–39.90 μmol/L; group II n = 20, 40–99.90 μmol /L; group III n = 6, TBA (total bile acids) ≥ 100.00 μmol/L].
Linear regression models were created to determine the relation of serum TBA, ALT, and AST concentration with total adverse
perinatal outcome, defined as an occurrence of at least one perinatal outcome: stillbirth, preterm birth, spontaneous and
iatrogenic preterm birth, presence of meconium in amniotic fluid, Apgar score (< 7 in 5th min), pH from umbilical artery
(< 7.1), necessity for NICU admission, the presence of breathing disorders, and the need to perform phototherapy.
Results: TBA ≥ 40.00 μmol/L is connected to an elevated risk of the occurrence of total adverse perinatal outcome (OR = 4.17,
p = 0.0037, AUC = 0.62, p = 0.046). TBA ≥ 40.00 μmol/L is a predictor of preterm birth (OR 2.3, p = 0.0117), iatrogenic preterm
birth (OR 2.5, p = 0.006), admission to NICU (OR 2.38, p = 0.0094), intubation or assisted ventilation (OR 2.16, p = 0.0301), and
phototherapy (OR 2.0, p = 0.0438). The threshold value of TBA for the need for phototherapy was 52.7 μmol/L (AUC = 0.67,
p = 0.0089) and for preterm birth, 32.1 μmol/L (AUC = 0.62, p = 0.0251).
Conclusions: Pregnant women with ICP and TBA serum level over 40.00 μmol/L have a worse prognosis regarding obstetric
outcomes. The concentration of bile acids is a predictor of the occurrence of adverse perinatal outcomes, although the
concentration of ALT and AST failed to show such a connection.

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Keywords

cholestasis; bile acids; adverse obstetric outcomes

About this article
Title

Evaluation of predictive value of biochemical markers for adverse obstetrics outcomes in pregnancies complicated by cholestasis

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 91, No 5 (2020)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

269-276

Published online

2020-05-29

DOI

10.5603/GP.2020.0051

Pubmed

32495933

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2020;91(5):269-276.

Keywords

cholestasis
bile acids
adverse obstetric outcomes

Authors

Milena Guszczynska-Losy
Przemyslaw K. Wirstlein
Ewa Wender-Ozegowska
Malgorzata Kedzia

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