Vol 91, No 7 (2020)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-07-31

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The role of day 0 and day 4 β-human chorionic gonadotropin values and initial ultrasound findings in predicting the success of methotrexate treatment in ectopic pregnancy

Fatma Nurgul Tasgoz1, Muzaffer Temur2, Betul Dundar1, Esra Kartal1, Emin Ustunyurt1
Pubmed: 32779159
Ginekol Pol 2020;91(7):389-393.


Objectives: To determine the role of baseline ultrasound findings and the changes between β- human chorionic gonadotropin
(hCG) values on day 0 to day 4 in patients receiving single-dose methotrexate (MTX) therapy for tubal ectopic pregnancy.
Material and methods: One hundred fourteen patients who were hospitalized with a diagnosis of ectopic pregnancy and
treated with single-dose methotrexate were included in this retrospective study. The successful treatment group (n = 88)
comprised patients in whom serum β-hCG levels were resolved with single-dose methotrexate treatment, and the failed
treatment group (n = 26) included patients who received second dose methotrexate and/or surgery. Ultrasound findings,
laboratory findings, and serum β-hCG values at the time of admission and D4 and D7 β-hCG values were compared.
Results: The success rate of single-dose methotrexate treatment was 77.2%. In the successful treatment group, the initial
β-hCG values of the patients were lower than the unsuccessful treatment group (1479.14 ± 1253.49, 4442.88 ± 3392.58,
respectively) (p = 0.0001). A decrease of more than 35% between D0-D4 increased the probability of successful treatment
(p = 0.017). Although ectopic focus size and abdominal free fluid showed no significant difference between the two groups,
endometrial stripe thickness was significantly higher in the unsuccessful treatment group (12.61 ± 5.79, 9.28 ± 3.53) (p = 0.002).
Conclusions: In addition to the basal β-hCG value, endometrial stripe thickness of ultrasound findings should also be
considered in determining patients with a high chance of success in single-dose MTX treatment.β-hCG changes between
D0-D4 may be advantageous in the clinical management of ectopic pregnancy for earlier evaluation.

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