open access

Vol 89, No 1 (2018)
Research paper
Published online: 2018-01-31
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Maternal and perinatal outcomes of dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies diagnosed with vanishing twin syndrome: a retrospective analysis from a single clinical center

Hakan Timur12, Rifat Taner Aksoy1, Aytekin Tokmak1, Burcu Timur, Bugra Coskun, Dilek Uygur, Nuri Danisman3
DOI: 10.5603/GP.a2018.0006
·
Pubmed: 29411344
·
Ginekol Pol 2018;89(1):30-34.
Affiliations
  1. University of Health Sciences, Zekai Tahir Burak Women’s Health Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.
  2. Ordu university
  3. Acibadem University, Istanbul, Turkey

open access

Vol 89, No 1 (2018)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2018-01-31

Abstract

Objectives: Multiple pregnancies are known to be associated with adverse maternal and perinatal complications. How­ever, data regarding the outcomes of spontaneously reduced twin pregnancies are limited. In the current study we aimed to evaluate the consequences of the vanishing twin syndrome (VTS) in dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies for both mother and baby in our perinatal center.

Material and methods: A total of 711 pregnancies were included into the study. 51 cases of vanishing twin syndrome constituted Group 1, 235 cases of normal twins constituted Group 2, and 425 singleton pregnancies formed Group 3. The pregnancies that had multifetal reduction and monochorionic twinning were excluded from both study group and twin control group. The collected data were as follows: age, gravidity, parity, gestational week at birth, delivery route, birth weight, obstetric complications, and maternal and perinatal outcomes.

Results: No significant difference was observed between the groups regarding mean maternal age (p > 0.05). Mean birth weight, gestational age at birth and preterm birth ratio were significantly lower in the Group 2 when compared with Group 1 and Group 3 (all p < 0.001). Adverse perinatal outcomes including very low birth weight (VLBV) and low Apgar scores were more common in Group 1 (p < 0.05), but no significant difference was found between the groups in terms of neona­tal intensive care unit admission and perinatal mortality ratios (p > 0.05). Obstetric complications such as preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and intrauterine growth restriction were significantly higher in Group 2 than in Group 1 and Group 3 (all p < 0.05). However, severe maternal morbidities were similar among three groups (p = 0.141).

Conclusions: VTS is seems to be associated with VLBV and low Apgar scores. However, the incidence of severe maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in pregnancies with VTS is similar to other pregnancies.

Abstract

Objectives: Multiple pregnancies are known to be associated with adverse maternal and perinatal complications. How­ever, data regarding the outcomes of spontaneously reduced twin pregnancies are limited. In the current study we aimed to evaluate the consequences of the vanishing twin syndrome (VTS) in dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies for both mother and baby in our perinatal center.

Material and methods: A total of 711 pregnancies were included into the study. 51 cases of vanishing twin syndrome constituted Group 1, 235 cases of normal twins constituted Group 2, and 425 singleton pregnancies formed Group 3. The pregnancies that had multifetal reduction and monochorionic twinning were excluded from both study group and twin control group. The collected data were as follows: age, gravidity, parity, gestational week at birth, delivery route, birth weight, obstetric complications, and maternal and perinatal outcomes.

Results: No significant difference was observed between the groups regarding mean maternal age (p > 0.05). Mean birth weight, gestational age at birth and preterm birth ratio were significantly lower in the Group 2 when compared with Group 1 and Group 3 (all p < 0.001). Adverse perinatal outcomes including very low birth weight (VLBV) and low Apgar scores were more common in Group 1 (p < 0.05), but no significant difference was found between the groups in terms of neona­tal intensive care unit admission and perinatal mortality ratios (p > 0.05). Obstetric complications such as preeclampsia, gestational diabetes and intrauterine growth restriction were significantly higher in Group 2 than in Group 1 and Group 3 (all p < 0.05). However, severe maternal morbidities were similar among three groups (p = 0.141).

Conclusions: VTS is seems to be associated with VLBV and low Apgar scores. However, the incidence of severe maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality in pregnancies with VTS is similar to other pregnancies.

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Keywords

vanishing twins, perinatal outcome, maternal morbidity, risk factors, very low birth weight

About this article
Title

Maternal and perinatal outcomes of dichorionic diamniotic twin pregnancies diagnosed with vanishing twin syndrome: a retrospective analysis from a single clinical center

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 89, No 1 (2018)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

30-34

Published online

2018-01-31

DOI

10.5603/GP.a2018.0006

Pubmed

29411344

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2018;89(1):30-34.

Keywords

vanishing twins
perinatal outcome
maternal morbidity
risk factors
very low birth weight

Authors

Hakan Timur
Rifat Taner Aksoy
Aytekin Tokmak
Burcu Timur
Bugra Coskun
Dilek Uygur
Nuri Danisman

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