open access

Vol 88, No 9 (2017)
Review paper
Published online: 2017-09-29
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Non-invasive therapeutic use of High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) with 3 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging in women with symptomatic uterine fibroids

Tomasz Łoziński1, Justyna Filipowska1, Grzegorz Gurynowicz2, Iwona Gabriel, Artur Czekierdowski3
DOI: 10.5603/GP.a2017.0091
·
Pubmed: 29057436
·
Ginekol Pol 2017;88(9):497-503.
Affiliations
  1. Pro-familia, Witolda 6b, 35-302 Rzeszów, Poland
  2. Division of Developmental Gynecology and Sexology, Department of Perinatology and Gynecology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poland
  3. I katedra i klinika Ginekologii Onkologicznej i Ginekologii, staszica 16, 20-081 lublin, Poland

open access

Vol 88, No 9 (2017)
REVIEW PAPERS Gynecology
Published online: 2017-09-29

Abstract

Benign uterine fibroids are common female genital tract tumors and if symptomatic often require extensive surgery. When tumors are multiple and large or unusually located, the operative treatment may lead to significant morbidity and compromise quality of life. Recovery period after surgical treatment may be complicated by patient’s medical condition and wound healing problems. Currently used other non-surgical treatment modalities usually provide only a temporal symptoms relief and may not be efficient in all affected women. In the last decade, minimally invasive treatment of uterine fibroids called Magnetic Resonance guided High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (MRI HIFU) was introduced. This technique uses thermal ablation simultaneously with MRI imaging of the mass and tissue temperature measurements during the procedure where a focused ultrasound beam is applied externally to destroy tumors located in the human body. Successful application of MRI HIFU has been recently described in patients with various malignancies, such as breast, prostate and hepatocellular cancers as well as soft tissue and bone tumors. This technique is innovative and has been proven to be safe and effective but there are several limitations for treatment. The article highlights the relative advantages and disadvantages of MRI guided HIFU in women with uterine fibroids. The authors also describe high-resolution MRI technique on 3T MRI, along with the approach to interpretation of HIFU results applied to uterine fibroids that has been experienced at one institution.

Abstract

Benign uterine fibroids are common female genital tract tumors and if symptomatic often require extensive surgery. When tumors are multiple and large or unusually located, the operative treatment may lead to significant morbidity and compromise quality of life. Recovery period after surgical treatment may be complicated by patient’s medical condition and wound healing problems. Currently used other non-surgical treatment modalities usually provide only a temporal symptoms relief and may not be efficient in all affected women. In the last decade, minimally invasive treatment of uterine fibroids called Magnetic Resonance guided High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (MRI HIFU) was introduced. This technique uses thermal ablation simultaneously with MRI imaging of the mass and tissue temperature measurements during the procedure where a focused ultrasound beam is applied externally to destroy tumors located in the human body. Successful application of MRI HIFU has been recently described in patients with various malignancies, such as breast, prostate and hepatocellular cancers as well as soft tissue and bone tumors. This technique is innovative and has been proven to be safe and effective but there are several limitations for treatment. The article highlights the relative advantages and disadvantages of MRI guided HIFU in women with uterine fibroids. The authors also describe high-resolution MRI technique on 3T MRI, along with the approach to interpretation of HIFU results applied to uterine fibroids that has been experienced at one institution.

Get Citation

Keywords

MRI-HIFU, fibroids, utility

About this article
Title

Non-invasive therapeutic use of High-Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) with 3 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging in women with symptomatic uterine fibroids

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 88, No 9 (2017)

Article type

Review paper

Pages

497-503

Published online

2017-09-29

DOI

10.5603/GP.a2017.0091

Pubmed

29057436

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2017;88(9):497-503.

Keywords

MRI-HIFU
fibroids
utility

Authors

Tomasz Łoziński
Justyna Filipowska
Grzegorz Gurynowicz
Iwona Gabriel
Artur Czekierdowski

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