open access

Vol 87, No 9 (2016)
Research paper
Published online: 2016-09-30
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Obstetric results of the multicenter, nationwide, scientific-educational program for pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)

Monika Żurawska-Kliś, Marcin Kosiński, Ewa Wender-Ożegowska, Łukasz Bartyzel, Elżbieta Matysiak, Bogusława Olak-Białoń, Beata Królikowska-Kobierska, Iwona Towpik, Katarzyna Cypryk
DOI: 10.5603/GP.2016.0061
·
Pubmed: 27723073
·
Ginekol Pol 2016;87(9):651-658.

open access

Vol 87, No 9 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2016-09-30

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to compare the obstetric results in women with GDM in a Polish population based on the criterion for the diagnosis of GDM.

Material and methods: The study was a questionnaire study covering the data of 2853 patients with GDM treated in centers nationwide in the years 2011–2013. The principles of self-control, glycemic targets and treatment were based on the then-current PDA guidelines. Analysis of the collected data included an assessment of obstetric results based on the diagnostic criteria for GDM. Depending on the result of the glucose tolerance test, the patients were divided into subgroups.

Results: 6.28% of births were preterm, and 47% were caesarean. A significant difference was observed in the number of preterm births between a subgroups: PDA(+) meeting only criterion 0’ and a PDA(+)meeting only criterion 120’ (16.67% vs. 5.83%); and between WHO(+) subgroup meeting only criterion 0’ with respect to the subgroup PDA(+) meeting only criterion 0’ (4.69% vs. 16.67%). Significant difference was found in the frequency of LGA between the WHO(-)PDA(+) and WHO(+)PDA(-) subgroups (6,57% vs. 14.93%), and between the WHO(-)PDA(+) group and a group of isolated hyperglycemia in 60’(6.57% vs. 12.5%). Also a significant positive correlation was observed between birth weight, the occurrence of LGA and macrosomia, and maternal weight and BMI before pregnancy.

Conclusions: The results of the analysis indicate the new criteria have greater sensitivity in the prediction of prematurity and birth weight. However, it cannot be ruled out that the final results were affected by the therapeutic intervention employed.

Abstract

Objectives: The aim of the present study was to compare the obstetric results in women with GDM in a Polish population based on the criterion for the diagnosis of GDM.

Material and methods: The study was a questionnaire study covering the data of 2853 patients with GDM treated in centers nationwide in the years 2011–2013. The principles of self-control, glycemic targets and treatment were based on the then-current PDA guidelines. Analysis of the collected data included an assessment of obstetric results based on the diagnostic criteria for GDM. Depending on the result of the glucose tolerance test, the patients were divided into subgroups.

Results: 6.28% of births were preterm, and 47% were caesarean. A significant difference was observed in the number of preterm births between a subgroups: PDA(+) meeting only criterion 0’ and a PDA(+)meeting only criterion 120’ (16.67% vs. 5.83%); and between WHO(+) subgroup meeting only criterion 0’ with respect to the subgroup PDA(+) meeting only criterion 0’ (4.69% vs. 16.67%). Significant difference was found in the frequency of LGA between the WHO(-)PDA(+) and WHO(+)PDA(-) subgroups (6,57% vs. 14.93%), and between the WHO(-)PDA(+) group and a group of isolated hyperglycemia in 60’(6.57% vs. 12.5%). Also a significant positive correlation was observed between birth weight, the occurrence of LGA and macrosomia, and maternal weight and BMI before pregnancy.

Conclusions: The results of the analysis indicate the new criteria have greater sensitivity in the prediction of prematurity and birth weight. However, it cannot be ruled out that the final results were affected by the therapeutic intervention employed.

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Keywords

diagnostic criteria, GDM, obstetric outcome, LGA, macrosomia, preterm delivery

About this article
Title

Obstetric results of the multicenter, nationwide, scientific-educational program for pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM)

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 87, No 9 (2016)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

651-658

Published online

2016-09-30

DOI

10.5603/GP.2016.0061

Pubmed

27723073

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2016;87(9):651-658.

Keywords

diagnostic criteria
GDM
obstetric outcome
LGA
macrosomia
preterm delivery

Authors

Monika Żurawska-Kliś
Marcin Kosiński
Ewa Wender-Ożegowska
Łukasz Bartyzel
Elżbieta Matysiak
Bogusława Olak-Białoń
Beata Królikowska-Kobierska
Iwona Towpik
Katarzyna Cypryk

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