open access

Vol 87, No 8 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2016-08-31
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Posture and low back pain during pregnancy — 3D study

Wojciech M. Glinkowski, Paweł Tomasik, Katarzyna Walesiak, Michał Głuszak, Karolina Krawczak, Jakub Michoński, Anna Czyżewska, Agnieszka Żukowska, Robert Sitnik, Mirosław Wielgoś
DOI: 10.5603/GP.2016.0047
·
Pubmed: 27629132
·
Ginekol Pol 2016;87(8):575-580.

open access

Vol 87, No 8 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS Obstetrics
Published online: 2016-08-31

Abstract

Objectives: Back pain is a common complaint of pregnant women. The posture, curvatures of the spine and the center of gravity changes are considered as the mechanisms leading to pain. The study aimed to assess spinal curvatures and static postural characteristics with three-dimensional surface topography and search for relationships with the occurrence of back pain complaints among pregnant women.

Material and methods: The study was conducted from December 2012 to February 2014. Patients referred from University Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics were examined outpatient at the Posture Study Unit of Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Sixty-five women at 4–39 weeks of pregnancy were assessed and surveyed with Oswestry Disability Index; posture was evaluated using surface topography.

Results: The study confirmed that difficulties in sitting and standing are significant in the third trimester of the pregnancy. The overall tendency for significant lumbar curvature changes in pregnant women was not confirmed. Major changes in sagittal trunk inclination in relation to the plumb line were not observed in the study group.

Conclusions: The issue regarding how the pregnancy causes changes in spinal curvature and posture remains open for further studies. Presented method of 3D surface topography can reveal postural changes, but that requires several exams of each subject and strict follow-up of the series of cases.

Abstract

Objectives: Back pain is a common complaint of pregnant women. The posture, curvatures of the spine and the center of gravity changes are considered as the mechanisms leading to pain. The study aimed to assess spinal curvatures and static postural characteristics with three-dimensional surface topography and search for relationships with the occurrence of back pain complaints among pregnant women.

Material and methods: The study was conducted from December 2012 to February 2014. Patients referred from University Clinic of Gynecology and Obstetrics were examined outpatient at the Posture Study Unit of Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology. Sixty-five women at 4–39 weeks of pregnancy were assessed and surveyed with Oswestry Disability Index; posture was evaluated using surface topography.

Results: The study confirmed that difficulties in sitting and standing are significant in the third trimester of the pregnancy. The overall tendency for significant lumbar curvature changes in pregnant women was not confirmed. Major changes in sagittal trunk inclination in relation to the plumb line were not observed in the study group.

Conclusions: The issue regarding how the pregnancy causes changes in spinal curvature and posture remains open for further studies. Presented method of 3D surface topography can reveal postural changes, but that requires several exams of each subject and strict follow-up of the series of cases.

Get Citation

Keywords

pregnancy, posture, back pain

About this article
Title

Posture and low back pain during pregnancy — 3D study

Journal

Ginekologia Polska

Issue

Vol 87, No 8 (2016)

Pages

575-580

Published online

2016-08-31

DOI

10.5603/GP.2016.0047

Pubmed

27629132

Bibliographic record

Ginekol Pol 2016;87(8):575-580.

Keywords

pregnancy
posture
back pain

Authors

Wojciech M. Glinkowski
Paweł Tomasik
Katarzyna Walesiak
Michał Głuszak
Karolina Krawczak
Jakub Michoński
Anna Czyżewska
Agnieszka Żukowska
Robert Sitnik
Mirosław Wielgoś

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