Vol 87, No 9 (2016)
Research paper
Published online: 2016-09-30

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Paternal engagement during childbirth depending on the manner of their preparation

Urszula Sioma-Markowska, Ryszard Poręba, Mariola Machura, Violetta Skrzypulec-Plinta
Pubmed: 27723071
Ginekol Pol 2016;87(9):639-643.

Abstract

Objectives: The analysis of the forms of paternal activity depending on the manner of their preparation, including stages of labor.

Material and methods: A prospective survey-based study involved 250 fathers who participated in their child’s birth. The fathers included in the study were present during all stages of family-assisted natural labor. The study was conducted one day after childbirth with the use of a survey prepared by the authors. Statistical calculations were conducted using the Statistica PL software. The frequency of individual qualitative features (non-measurable) was assessed by means of a non-parametric χ² (chi-squared) test. The statistical significance level was p < 0.05.

Results: A half of the fathers included in the study (52.4%) participated in childbirth with no prior preparation. The dominant form of preparation involved self-education from books, magazines and the Internet (24%). 23.6% of fathers participated in ante-natal classes. The study demonstrated that fathers prepared for childbirth in ante-natal classes more often engaged in the supportive role, provided nursing care and carried out instrumental monitoring during each stage of childbirth.

Conclusions: The fathers prepared for childbirth in ante-natal classes more often engage in the supportive role, provide nursing care and carry out instrumental control during each stage of childbirth. Ante-natal classes should be promoted as an optimal form of preparation for active participation in childbirth. Moreover, other forms of paternal ante-natal education as well as continued education in a delivery room should be developed.