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Case report
Published online: 2021-05-11
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Generalised infection evoked by Aeronomas hydrophylia in a patient with unclassified arthritis

Danuta Choroś1, Katarzyna Wyłuda1
DOI: 10.5603/FR.2021.0002
Affiliations
  1. Oddział Chorób Wewnętrznych I z Pododdziałem Reumatologii, Mazowiecki Szpital Specjalistyczny w Radomiu, ul. Aleksandrowicza 5, 26-600 Radom, Poland

open access

Ahead of print
Przypadki kliniczne
Published online: 2021-05-11

Abstract

Generalised infection evoked by the bacterium of Aeronomas Hydrophylia in a 69-year-old patient with unclassified arthritis, hospitalised due to an exacerbation of rheumatic disease at the Rheumatology Ward, in September, 2019. From the very beginning of the disease, the patient was chronically treated with steroids, for the next few years with chloroquine and for a brief moment with methotrexate (MTX) which had to be discontinued due to the patient’s gastrointestinal intolerance. The bacterium of Aeronomas Hydropylia is commonly known as an etiological factor of fish diseases (e.g. salmonid ulcers or carp eryhtrodermatitis). Hitherto only Aeronamas Hydrophilia, Aeronomas Caviae and Aeronomas Sobria have been the Aeronomas strains known to threaten human health. Aeronomas Hydrophilia causes an opportunistic infection in individuals with a disturbed immune system. In the literature one can find described and analysed the cases of skin and soft tissue infections, in tropical and subtropical countries in particular.

Abstract

Generalised infection evoked by the bacterium of Aeronomas Hydrophylia in a 69-year-old patient with unclassified arthritis, hospitalised due to an exacerbation of rheumatic disease at the Rheumatology Ward, in September, 2019. From the very beginning of the disease, the patient was chronically treated with steroids, for the next few years with chloroquine and for a brief moment with methotrexate (MTX) which had to be discontinued due to the patient’s gastrointestinal intolerance. The bacterium of Aeronomas Hydropylia is commonly known as an etiological factor of fish diseases (e.g. salmonid ulcers or carp eryhtrodermatitis). Hitherto only Aeronamas Hydrophilia, Aeronomas Caviae and Aeronomas Sobria have been the Aeronomas strains known to threaten human health. Aeronomas Hydrophilia causes an opportunistic infection in individuals with a disturbed immune system. In the literature one can find described and analysed the cases of skin and soft tissue infections, in tropical and subtropical countries in particular.

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Keywords

Aeronomas Hydrophylia; unclassified arthritis; steroids

About this article
Title

Generalised infection evoked by Aeronomas hydrophylia in a patient with unclassified arthritis

Journal

Forum Reumatologiczne

Issue

Ahead of print

Article type

Case report

Published online

2021-05-11

DOI

10.5603/FR.2021.0002

Keywords

Aeronomas Hydrophylia
unclassified arthritis
steroids

Authors

Danuta Choroś
Katarzyna Wyłuda

References (9)
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  2. Hochedez P, Cabié A, Hope-Rapp E, et al. Bacteremia Caused by Aeromonas hydrophila Complex in the Caribbean Islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe. The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2010; 83(5): 1123–1127.
  3. Sood S, Nerurkar V. Fatal Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infection by Aeromonas hydrophila. J Clin Diagn Res. 2014; 8(4): DD06–DD07.
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  5. Kręgiel D, Rygała A. Bakterie Aeromonas sp. nowy wskaźnik mikrobiologiczny? Przemysł Spożywczy. 2008; 62(11): 46–47.
  6. Stasiak M, Lasek J, Witkowski Z, et al. Zakażenia skóry i tkanek miękkich — złożony i aktualny problem diagnostyczny i terapeutyczny lekarza każdej specjalności medycznej. Forum Medycyny Rodzinnej. 2012; 6(4): 191–200.
  7. Ligaj M, Sacharowski S. Wykrywanie bakterii Aeromonas hydrophila z zastosowaniem techniki multipleks PCR. Zeszyty Naukowe/Uniwersytet Ekonomiczny w Poznaniu. 2011; 183: 60–78.
  8. Papadakis V, Poniros N, Katsibardi K, et al. Fulminant Aeromonas hydrophila infection during acute lymphoblastic leukemia treatment. J Microbiol Immunol Infect. 2012; 45(2): 154–157.
  9. Jung MH, Lee KH, Hwang DY, et al. Aeromonas hydrophilaMyonecrosis in an Immunocompetent Patient. Infection and Chemotherapy. 2011; 43(2): 213.

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