open access

Vol 81, No 1 (2022)
Original article
Submitted: 2021-04-22
Accepted: 2021-05-01
Published online: 2021-05-17
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The use of hyoid bone dimensions in age and sex estimation in a Turkish population: a cone-beam computed tomography study

E. Köse1, D. Göller Bulut2
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2021.0051
·
Pubmed: 34018175
·
Folia Morphol 2022;81(1):183-189.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Aydın Adnan Menderes University, Aydın, Turkey
  2. Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Faculty of Dentistry, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University, Bolu, Turkey

open access

Vol 81, No 1 (2022)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Submitted: 2021-04-22
Accepted: 2021-05-01
Published online: 2021-05-17

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to determine sex and age from hyoid bone morphology on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).
Materials and methods: The study sample comprised 130 CBCT images. Eight different measurements were performed for each hyoid bone. Fusion conditions were assigned to each side of the hyoid bone separately as; unfused, partially fused, and totally fused.
Results: The hyoid length, width of the left proximal end and stature variables showed sexual dimorphism in all hyoid fusion types (p < 0.05). In young adult age group, a significant difference was found between sex and fusion types (p = 0.025). The body length (81.35%) and stature measurements (76.25%) contributed most significantly to sex estimation.
Conclusions: Patient’s CBCT scans which enable reproducible and reliable measurements for bone tissues can be used for forensic procedures. Hyoid bone measurements with CBCT are useful methodology for age and sex estimation in forensic sciences with high predictive accuracy.

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to determine sex and age from hyoid bone morphology on cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT).
Materials and methods: The study sample comprised 130 CBCT images. Eight different measurements were performed for each hyoid bone. Fusion conditions were assigned to each side of the hyoid bone separately as; unfused, partially fused, and totally fused.
Results: The hyoid length, width of the left proximal end and stature variables showed sexual dimorphism in all hyoid fusion types (p < 0.05). In young adult age group, a significant difference was found between sex and fusion types (p = 0.025). The body length (81.35%) and stature measurements (76.25%) contributed most significantly to sex estimation.
Conclusions: Patient’s CBCT scans which enable reproducible and reliable measurements for bone tissues can be used for forensic procedures. Hyoid bone measurements with CBCT are useful methodology for age and sex estimation in forensic sciences with high predictive accuracy.

Get Citation

Keywords

age estimation, hyoid bone fusion, hyoid bone measurement, sex estimation

About this article
Title

The use of hyoid bone dimensions in age and sex estimation in a Turkish population: a cone-beam computed tomography study

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 81, No 1 (2022)

Article type

Original article

Pages

183-189

Published online

2021-05-17

Page views

2218

Article views/downloads

589

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2021.0051

Pubmed

34018175

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2022;81(1):183-189.

Keywords

age estimation
hyoid bone fusion
hyoid bone measurement
sex estimation

Authors

E. Köse
D. Göller Bulut

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