open access

Vol 81, No 1 (2022)
Original article
Submitted: 2020-09-12
Accepted: 2020-10-12
Published online: 2020-10-26
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Musculus peroneus longus in foetal period

A. Karykowska1, Z. A. Domagała2, B. Gworys3
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2020.0129
·
Pubmed: 33124032
·
Folia Morphol 2022;81(1):124-133.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Anthropology, Wroclaw University of Environmental and Life Sciences, Wroclaw, Poland
  2. Division of Anatomy, Department of Human Morphology and Embryology, Faculty of Medicine, Wroclaw Medical University, Wroclaw, Poland
  3. Faculty of Health Science and Physical Education, The Witelon State University of Applied Sciences, Legnica, Poland

open access

Vol 81, No 1 (2022)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Submitted: 2020-09-12
Accepted: 2020-10-12
Published online: 2020-10-26

Abstract

Background: The lateral compartment of the leg, due to its distal and concurrent superficial positioning, is a multiple trauma site. Detailed knowledge of compartimentum lateralis cruris (CLC) structure is crucial for physicians. Musculus peroneus longus (MPL) is located within the structures of the CLC most superficially. There is a lot of data on the morphology of the MPL but there is no publication analysing in detail its anatomy in the foetal period. The aim of the study was to determine the variability of metric and morphological parameters of MPL in a studied period of prenatal ontogenesis.
Materials and methods: The analysis included 207 human foetuses (101 males and 106 females) at calendar age from 113 to 222 days. The analysed material comes from the local anatomy collection. Foetuses were stored in typical preservation solutions. Access to the muscle was obtained on the basis of standard preparation techniques. The authors evaluated the metric parameters of the muscle showing the presence of variable dynamics of metric increments of the
examined muscle in particular age classes.
Results: In the studied period of prenatal ontogenesis, MPLs of the foetuses increased by about 60% in the length and width dimension and by about 100% in the thickness dimension. The topography of the initial and final muscle attachment was also evaluated. Statistically significant dimorphic differences were found in some aspects of muscle attachment topography.
Conclusions: The analysis of the place of the origin and insertion of MPL showed a relatively large variety of these features.

Abstract

Background: The lateral compartment of the leg, due to its distal and concurrent superficial positioning, is a multiple trauma site. Detailed knowledge of compartimentum lateralis cruris (CLC) structure is crucial for physicians. Musculus peroneus longus (MPL) is located within the structures of the CLC most superficially. There is a lot of data on the morphology of the MPL but there is no publication analysing in detail its anatomy in the foetal period. The aim of the study was to determine the variability of metric and morphological parameters of MPL in a studied period of prenatal ontogenesis.
Materials and methods: The analysis included 207 human foetuses (101 males and 106 females) at calendar age from 113 to 222 days. The analysed material comes from the local anatomy collection. Foetuses were stored in typical preservation solutions. Access to the muscle was obtained on the basis of standard preparation techniques. The authors evaluated the metric parameters of the muscle showing the presence of variable dynamics of metric increments of the
examined muscle in particular age classes.
Results: In the studied period of prenatal ontogenesis, MPLs of the foetuses increased by about 60% in the length and width dimension and by about 100% in the thickness dimension. The topography of the initial and final muscle attachment was also evaluated. Statistically significant dimorphic differences were found in some aspects of muscle attachment topography.
Conclusions: The analysis of the place of the origin and insertion of MPL showed a relatively large variety of these features.

Get Citation

Keywords

foetus, lateral compartment of the leg, dissection, fibularis longus muscle

About this article
Title

Musculus peroneus longus in foetal period

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 81, No 1 (2022)

Article type

Original article

Pages

124-133

Published online

2020-10-26

Page views

2192

Article views/downloads

611

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2020.0129

Pubmed

33124032

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2022;81(1):124-133.

Keywords

foetus
lateral compartment of the leg
dissection
fibularis longus muscle

Authors

A. Karykowska
Z. A. Domagała
B. Gworys

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