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Published online: 2020-05-29
Submitted: 2020-01-24
Accepted: 2020-05-10
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A macroscopic comparison study on main branches of arteria brachialis and arteria subscapularis in southern Karaman and Hasak sheep breeds

H. Kara, Z. Özüdoğru, H. Balkaya, D. Özdemir
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2020.0058
·
Pubmed: 32488858

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2020-05-29
Submitted: 2020-01-24
Accepted: 2020-05-10

Abstract

The Southern Karaman sheep, which is very fertile in terms of meat and milk production and is often preferred in livestock raising, is known as a domestic sheep breed. The Hasak sheep is a breed formed by the triple crossbreeding of the German Black-headed, Hampshire and Akkaraman breeds. Arterial feeding of the forelimb is provided by arteria axillaris, a continuation of arteria subclavia. In this study, it was aimed to examine the forelimb arteries in Southern Karaman and Hasak sheep breeds. Totally 8 Southern Karaman and 8 Hasak sheep were obtained from Konya Bahri Dagdas International Agricultural Institute. The sheep were anesthetized with xylazine and ketamine and extravasated by cutting the arteria carotis communis in the neck area of the sheep. The forelimbs of the sheep separated from the body were fixed in 10% formaldehyde solution and then dissections were made and the course and branching of the arteries were examined. It was determined that the arteria brachialis was divided into two main branches as distal arteria brachialis and proximal arteria subscapularis at the articulatio humeri level of the arteria axillary. Arteria mediana, which is a continuation of arteria brachiais, was also examined in different parts of antebrachium and ended by splitting into branches. According to the findings of the Southern Karaman and Hasak sheep breeds, it was determined that the forelimb arteries had some anatomical differences but were similar in structure to many sheep breeds.

Abstract

The Southern Karaman sheep, which is very fertile in terms of meat and milk production and is often preferred in livestock raising, is known as a domestic sheep breed. The Hasak sheep is a breed formed by the triple crossbreeding of the German Black-headed, Hampshire and Akkaraman breeds. Arterial feeding of the forelimb is provided by arteria axillaris, a continuation of arteria subclavia. In this study, it was aimed to examine the forelimb arteries in Southern Karaman and Hasak sheep breeds. Totally 8 Southern Karaman and 8 Hasak sheep were obtained from Konya Bahri Dagdas International Agricultural Institute. The sheep were anesthetized with xylazine and ketamine and extravasated by cutting the arteria carotis communis in the neck area of the sheep. The forelimbs of the sheep separated from the body were fixed in 10% formaldehyde solution and then dissections were made and the course and branching of the arteries were examined. It was determined that the arteria brachialis was divided into two main branches as distal arteria brachialis and proximal arteria subscapularis at the articulatio humeri level of the arteria axillary. Arteria mediana, which is a continuation of arteria brachiais, was also examined in different parts of antebrachium and ended by splitting into branches. According to the findings of the Southern Karaman and Hasak sheep breeds, it was determined that the forelimb arteries had some anatomical differences but were similar in structure to many sheep breeds.

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Keywords

arteria, axillaris, brachialis, subscapularis, fore limb, sheep

About this article
Title

A macroscopic comparison study on main branches of arteria brachialis and arteria subscapularis in southern Karaman and Hasak sheep breeds

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Original article

Published online

2020-05-29

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2020.0058

Pubmed

32488858

Keywords

arteria
axillaris
brachialis
subscapularis
fore limb
sheep

Authors

H. Kara
Z. Özüdoğru
H. Balkaya
D. Özdemir

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