open access

Vol 83, No 1 (2024): Folia Morphologica
Original article
Submitted: 2023-01-20
Accepted: 2023-03-02
Published online: 2023-03-22
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Morphometry of the heart orifices and morphometry and topography of the coronary ostia in the goat

Karolina Barszcz1, Olga Szaluś-Jordanow2, Michał Buczyński3, Michał Czopowicz4, Agata Moroz-Fik4, Marcin Mickiewicz4, Wojciech Mądry3, Jarosław Kaba4
·
Pubmed: 36967624
·
Folia Morphol 2024;83(1):35-43.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Morphological Sciences, Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences — SGGW, Warsaw, Poland
  2. Department of Small Animal Diseases with Clinic, Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences — SGGW, Warsaw, Poland
  3. Department of Cardiac and General Pediatric Surgery, Medical University of Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  4. Division of Veterinary Epidemiology and Economics, Institute of Veterinary Medicine, Warsaw University of Life Sciences — SGGW, Warsaw, Poland

open access

Vol 83, No 1 (2024): Folia Morphologica
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Submitted: 2023-01-20
Accepted: 2023-03-02
Published online: 2023-03-22

Abstract

Background: The coronary vessels have been described in various species of domestic and wild ruminants. However, no studies on the detailed morphology and morphometry of heart orifices and coronary ostia in the Polish goat are available.

Materials and methods: The study was carried out on 112 female, adult dairy goats belonging to Polish Fawn Improved and Polish White Improved breed, closely related to French Alpine and Saanen, respectively.

Results: In all examined individuals, all heart orifices and heart valves were of normal structure. There was no significant difference between diameter of the aortic and pulmonary orifice. The right atrioventricular opening was significantly wider than the left atrioventricular opening. The dimension of the left coronary ostium ranged from 1.0 to 5.5 mm with the arithmetic mean (± standard deviation [SD]) of 4.3 ± 0.8 mm. The dimension of the right coronary ostium ranged from 0.5 to 5.0 mm with the arithmetic mean (± SD) of 2.8 ± 0.7 mm. Both coronary artery ostia were located under the sinotubular junction. Out of 112 examined goats, 39 (34.8%) had variations in the structure of the coronary ostia such as the lack of main trunk or the presence of additional coronary ostia. They were observed in one (in 34/39 goats) or both coronary arteries (5/39 goats).

Conclusions: In goats, the dimensions of aortic and pulmonary orifices are similar while the right atrioventricular opening outsizes the left one. On the other hand, the left coronary ostium is wider than the right one. Morphological variations in the coronary ostia occur in approximately one third of goats, more often in the right than in the left ostium.

Abstract

Background: The coronary vessels have been described in various species of domestic and wild ruminants. However, no studies on the detailed morphology and morphometry of heart orifices and coronary ostia in the Polish goat are available.

Materials and methods: The study was carried out on 112 female, adult dairy goats belonging to Polish Fawn Improved and Polish White Improved breed, closely related to French Alpine and Saanen, respectively.

Results: In all examined individuals, all heart orifices and heart valves were of normal structure. There was no significant difference between diameter of the aortic and pulmonary orifice. The right atrioventricular opening was significantly wider than the left atrioventricular opening. The dimension of the left coronary ostium ranged from 1.0 to 5.5 mm with the arithmetic mean (± standard deviation [SD]) of 4.3 ± 0.8 mm. The dimension of the right coronary ostium ranged from 0.5 to 5.0 mm with the arithmetic mean (± SD) of 2.8 ± 0.7 mm. Both coronary artery ostia were located under the sinotubular junction. Out of 112 examined goats, 39 (34.8%) had variations in the structure of the coronary ostia such as the lack of main trunk or the presence of additional coronary ostia. They were observed in one (in 34/39 goats) or both coronary arteries (5/39 goats).

Conclusions: In goats, the dimensions of aortic and pulmonary orifices are similar while the right atrioventricular opening outsizes the left one. On the other hand, the left coronary ostium is wider than the right one. Morphological variations in the coronary ostia occur in approximately one third of goats, more often in the right than in the left ostium.

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Keywords

aortic orifice, pulmonary orifice, left atrioventricular ostium, right atrioventricular ostium, coronary ostia, heart, goat

About this article
Title

Morphometry of the heart orifices and morphometry and topography of the coronary ostia in the goat

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 83, No 1 (2024): Folia Morphologica

Article type

Original article

Pages

35-43

Published online

2023-03-22

Page views

580

Article views/downloads

403

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2023.0020

Pubmed

36967624

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2024;83(1):35-43.

Keywords

aortic orifice
pulmonary orifice
left atrioventricular ostium
right atrioventricular ostium
coronary ostia
heart
goat

Authors

Karolina Barszcz
Olga Szaluś-Jordanow
Michał Buczyński
Michał Czopowicz
Agata Moroz-Fik
Marcin Mickiewicz
Wojciech Mądry
Jarosław Kaba

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