open access

Vol 83, No 1 (2024): Folia Morphologica
Review article
Submitted: 2022-08-12
Accepted: 2022-09-26
Published online: 2023-02-16
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Lung segments from anatomy to surgery

Jakub Wąsik1, R. Shane Tubbs234567, Nicol Zielinska1, Piotr Karauda1, Łukasz Olewnik1
·
Pubmed: 36811139
·
Folia Morphol 2024;83(1):20-34.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Anatomical Dissection and Donation, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
  2. Department of Neurosurgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, United States
  3. Department of Neurosurgery and Ochsner Neuroscience Institute, Ochsner Health System, New Orleans, LA, United States
  4. Department of Anatomical Sciences, St. George’s University, Grenada, West Indies
  5. Department of Structural and Cellular Biology, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, United States
  6. Department of Surgery, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA, United States
  7. University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia

open access

Vol 83, No 1 (2024): Folia Morphologica
REVIEW ARTICLES
Submitted: 2022-08-12
Accepted: 2022-09-26
Published online: 2023-02-16

Abstract

Bronchopulmonary segments are of increasing interest to clinicians because surgical procedures are emerging that maintain as much pulmonary function as possible. The conventional textbook borders between these segments, their many anatomical variations, and their numerous lymphatic or blood vessels, make them challenging for surgeons, especially thoracic surgeons. Fortunately, because imaging techniques such as three-dimensional-computed tomography are developing further, we can see the anatomical structure of the lungs in detail. Moreover, segmentectomy is now seen as an alternative to a more radical lobectomy, especially for lung cancer. This review explores the connection between the anatomical structure of the lungs, especially their segments, and surgical procedures. Further research on minimally invasive surgical procedures is timely as we can diagnose lung cancer and other diseases ever earlier. In this article, we will look at the latest trends in thoracic surgery. Importantly, we propose a classification of lung segments in reference to surgery difficulties due to their anatomy.

Abstract

Bronchopulmonary segments are of increasing interest to clinicians because surgical procedures are emerging that maintain as much pulmonary function as possible. The conventional textbook borders between these segments, their many anatomical variations, and their numerous lymphatic or blood vessels, make them challenging for surgeons, especially thoracic surgeons. Fortunately, because imaging techniques such as three-dimensional-computed tomography are developing further, we can see the anatomical structure of the lungs in detail. Moreover, segmentectomy is now seen as an alternative to a more radical lobectomy, especially for lung cancer. This review explores the connection between the anatomical structure of the lungs, especially their segments, and surgical procedures. Further research on minimally invasive surgical procedures is timely as we can diagnose lung cancer and other diseases ever earlier. In this article, we will look at the latest trends in thoracic surgery. Importantly, we propose a classification of lung segments in reference to surgery difficulties due to their anatomy.

Get Citation

Keywords

bronchopulmonary segment, lungs, diagnosis, thoracic surgery, anatomy, systematic review, segmentectomy, cancer

About this article
Title

Lung segments from anatomy to surgery

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 83, No 1 (2024): Folia Morphologica

Article type

Review article

Pages

20-34

Published online

2023-02-16

Page views

815

Article views/downloads

1792

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2023.0011

Pubmed

36811139

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2024;83(1):20-34.

Keywords

bronchopulmonary segment
lungs
diagnosis
thoracic surgery
anatomy
systematic review
segmentectomy
cancer

Authors

Jakub Wąsik
R. Shane Tubbs
Nicol Zielinska
Piotr Karauda
Łukasz Olewnik

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