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Original article
Published online: 2021-03-22
Submitted: 2021-01-12
Accepted: 2021-03-03
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The influence of mandibular divergence on facial soft tissue thickness in class I patients: a cephalometric study

T. M. Perović1, M. Blažej2, I. Jovanović3
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2021.0029
·
Pubmed: 33778942
Affiliations
  1. Faculty of Medicine, University of Niš, Niš, Serbia, Niš, Serbia
  2. Department for Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopaedics, Dental Clinic, Niš, Serbia
  3. Private Dental Clinic, Smiledent, Niš, Serbia, Niš, Serbia

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2021-03-22
Submitted: 2021-01-12
Accepted: 2021-03-03

Abstract

Background: The aims of this study were to evaluate the association between mandibular divergence and FSTT measured at different profile levels, and  the gender difference in FSTT.

Materials and methods: Lateral cephalograms were used to examine nine linear distances: the glabella area (G-G1), nasal (N-N1) and subnasal area (A-Sn), upper (Sd-Ls) and lower lip thickness (Id-Li), mentolabial sulcus (B-Sm), chin area (Pg-Pg1), gnathion area (Gn-Gn1) and menton area (Me-Me1)  in 155 adult Caucasian subjects (79 male and 76 female) from the central Balkan area. Subjects were divided into three groups according to the ANB angle, Wit`s appraisal and SN/GoGn angle into normodivergent (28 male, 27 female subjects), hypodivergent (26 male, 25 female) and hyperdivergent (25 male, 24 female).

Results: Progressive decreasing of the soft tissue thickness from hypo towards hyperdivergent group was established in N-N1, A-Sn, Gn-Gn1, Me-Me1. There are significant differences in Gn-Gn1 and Me-Me1 (p˂0.02). Progressive increasing of FSTT  happens only at the level of mentolabial sulcus and these differences are significant. Significant gender differences were established for the following distances: N-N1 in hyperdivergent, A-Sn in all three examined groups,the upper lip thickness in normal and hyperdivergent, the lower lip thickness in hypodivergent, the thickness of mentolabial sulcus in hypo and normaldivergent, Pg-Pg1 in hyperdivergent and Me-Me1 in normaldivergent subjects (p˂ 0.05).

Conclusions: Facial soft tissue thickness showed a various degree of dependence on vertical developmental pattern at different levels of measurement. The areas whose thickness is significantly conditioned by this pattern were established: the chin area at level Gn-Gn1, Me-Me1 and the region of the mentolabial sulcus (B-Sm). At most levels, male subjects have thicker soft tissues and these differences are significant for all three groups in the subnasal area.

Abstract

Background: The aims of this study were to evaluate the association between mandibular divergence and FSTT measured at different profile levels, and  the gender difference in FSTT.

Materials and methods: Lateral cephalograms were used to examine nine linear distances: the glabella area (G-G1), nasal (N-N1) and subnasal area (A-Sn), upper (Sd-Ls) and lower lip thickness (Id-Li), mentolabial sulcus (B-Sm), chin area (Pg-Pg1), gnathion area (Gn-Gn1) and menton area (Me-Me1)  in 155 adult Caucasian subjects (79 male and 76 female) from the central Balkan area. Subjects were divided into three groups according to the ANB angle, Wit`s appraisal and SN/GoGn angle into normodivergent (28 male, 27 female subjects), hypodivergent (26 male, 25 female) and hyperdivergent (25 male, 24 female).

Results: Progressive decreasing of the soft tissue thickness from hypo towards hyperdivergent group was established in N-N1, A-Sn, Gn-Gn1, Me-Me1. There are significant differences in Gn-Gn1 and Me-Me1 (p˂0.02). Progressive increasing of FSTT  happens only at the level of mentolabial sulcus and these differences are significant. Significant gender differences were established for the following distances: N-N1 in hyperdivergent, A-Sn in all three examined groups,the upper lip thickness in normal and hyperdivergent, the lower lip thickness in hypodivergent, the thickness of mentolabial sulcus in hypo and normaldivergent, Pg-Pg1 in hyperdivergent and Me-Me1 in normaldivergent subjects (p˂ 0.05).

Conclusions: Facial soft tissue thickness showed a various degree of dependence on vertical developmental pattern at different levels of measurement. The areas whose thickness is significantly conditioned by this pattern were established: the chin area at level Gn-Gn1, Me-Me1 and the region of the mentolabial sulcus (B-Sm). At most levels, male subjects have thicker soft tissues and these differences are significant for all three groups in the subnasal area.

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Keywords

mandibular divergence, soft tissue thickness, face

About this article
Title

The influence of mandibular divergence on facial soft tissue thickness in class I patients: a cephalometric study

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Original article

Published online

2021-03-22

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2021.0029

Pubmed

33778942

Keywords

mandibular divergence
soft tissue thickness
face

Authors

T. M. Perović
M. Blažej
I. Jovanović

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