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Case report
Submitted: 2020-09-13
Accepted: 2020-11-15
Published online: 2021-02-09
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Anatomical variations of the superficial ulnar artery: case series observed on historical specimens prepared by Ludwik Karol Teichmann

E. Clarke1, J. Skrzat2, M. Mazur2, A. Musiał2, J. Sienkiewicz2, M. Radek3, M. Polguj1, G. Wysiadecki1
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2021.0014
·
Pubmed: 33577075
Affiliations
  1. Department of Normal and Clinical Anatomy, Chair of Anatomy and Histology, Medical University of Lodz, Poland
  2. Department of Anatomy, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków, Poland
  3. Department of Neurosurgery, Spine and Peripheral Nerve Surgery, Medical University of Lodz, University Hospital WAM-CSW, Łódź, Poland

open access

Ahead of Print
CASE REPORTS
Submitted: 2020-09-13
Accepted: 2020-11-15
Published online: 2021-02-09

Abstract

Background: In this report we present a series of cases representing variant origin and course of the ulnar artery, namely the superficial ulnar artery, observed during the review of collection of historical specimens prepared in the 19th century by the prominent Polish anatomist Ludwik Karol Teichmann and his collaborators, exhibited in the Anatomy Museum of Jagiellonian University Medical College.

Results: Three distinct variants of the superficial ulnar artery were found on anatomical specimens of the upper limb with arteries injected by using Teichmann’s method. In case No. 1, the superficial ulnar artery originated from the brachial artery slightly above the interepicondylar line of the humerus. This aberrant vessel gave off the common interosseous artery in the upper half of the cubital fossa and then ran superficially to the bicipital aponeurosis and over the muscles arising from the medial epicondyle of the humerus. The cases No. 2 and 3 involved two similar variants of the superficial artery in which the common interosseous artery arose from the radial artery. In the unique case No. 4, the superficial ulnar artery arose from the radial artery.

Conclusions: The superficial ulnar artery shows diverse anatomy regarding its topography and  blood supply territory. Orthopedic, hand, and plastic surgeons should be aware of anatomic variations of the SUA both in planning and in conducting surgeries of the upper limb.

Abstract

Background: In this report we present a series of cases representing variant origin and course of the ulnar artery, namely the superficial ulnar artery, observed during the review of collection of historical specimens prepared in the 19th century by the prominent Polish anatomist Ludwik Karol Teichmann and his collaborators, exhibited in the Anatomy Museum of Jagiellonian University Medical College.

Results: Three distinct variants of the superficial ulnar artery were found on anatomical specimens of the upper limb with arteries injected by using Teichmann’s method. In case No. 1, the superficial ulnar artery originated from the brachial artery slightly above the interepicondylar line of the humerus. This aberrant vessel gave off the common interosseous artery in the upper half of the cubital fossa and then ran superficially to the bicipital aponeurosis and over the muscles arising from the medial epicondyle of the humerus. The cases No. 2 and 3 involved two similar variants of the superficial artery in which the common interosseous artery arose from the radial artery. In the unique case No. 4, the superficial ulnar artery arose from the radial artery.

Conclusions: The superficial ulnar artery shows diverse anatomy regarding its topography and  blood supply territory. Orthopedic, hand, and plastic surgeons should be aware of anatomic variations of the SUA both in planning and in conducting surgeries of the upper limb.

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Keywords

anatomic variation, arteries, brachial artery; common interosseous artery, radial artery, superficial ulnar artery, ulnar artery, superficial brachioulnoradial artery

About this article
Title

Anatomical variations of the superficial ulnar artery: case series observed on historical specimens prepared by Ludwik Karol Teichmann

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Case report

Published online

2021-02-09

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2021.0014

Pubmed

33577075

Keywords

anatomic variation
arteries
brachial artery
common interosseous artery
radial artery
superficial ulnar artery
ulnar artery
superficial brachioulnoradial artery

Authors

E. Clarke
J. Skrzat
M. Mazur
A. Musiał
J. Sienkiewicz
M. Radek
M. Polguj
G. Wysiadecki

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