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CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2020-07-29
Submitted: 2020-04-28
Accepted: 2020-07-07
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A case of solitary kidney with duplex collecting systems and renal vascular variants in an adult male cadaver

M. S. Salimy, G. A. Luiselli, M. Yuen, R. C. Healy, S. G. Shah, E. L. Giannaris, M. Das, A. E. Wink
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2020.0082
·
Pubmed: 32748948

open access

Ahead of Print
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2020-07-29
Submitted: 2020-04-28
Accepted: 2020-07-07

Abstract

We describe a unique solitary kidney with duplex collecting system and vascular variation observed in an 86-year-old White male formaldehyde- and phenol-fixed cadaver during routine academic dissection. The left renal fossa was empty with an intact adrenal gland, and the right renal fossa contained a fused renal mass with apparent polarity between the superior and inferior regions and two renal pelves converging into a single ureter. There were three right renal arteries supplying the renal mass; the superior and middle arteries were noted to be postcaval and the inferior artery was precaval. There were also two right renal veins draining into the inferior vena cava and following a regional distribution with the superior vein draining the inferior portion of the renal mass. Despite generally being asymptomatic, the detection of renal anatomical variants is clinically important for appropriate patient management and surgical interventions.

Abstract

We describe a unique solitary kidney with duplex collecting system and vascular variation observed in an 86-year-old White male formaldehyde- and phenol-fixed cadaver during routine academic dissection. The left renal fossa was empty with an intact adrenal gland, and the right renal fossa contained a fused renal mass with apparent polarity between the superior and inferior regions and two renal pelves converging into a single ureter. There were three right renal arteries supplying the renal mass; the superior and middle arteries were noted to be postcaval and the inferior artery was precaval. There were also two right renal veins draining into the inferior vena cava and following a regional distribution with the superior vein draining the inferior portion of the renal mass. Despite generally being asymptomatic, the detection of renal anatomical variants is clinically important for appropriate patient management and surgical interventions.

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Keywords

renal artery, renal vein, renal pelvis, anatomic variation, multiple renal arteries, multiple renal veins

About this article
Title

A case of solitary kidney with duplex collecting systems and renal vascular variants in an adult male cadaver

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Published online

2020-07-29

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2020.0082

Pubmed

32748948

Keywords

renal artery
renal vein
renal pelvis
anatomic variation
multiple renal arteries
multiple renal veins

Authors

M. S. Salimy
G. A. Luiselli
M. Yuen
R. C. Healy
S. G. Shah
E. L. Giannaris
M. Das
A. E. Wink

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