open access

Vol 80, No 1 (2021)
Case report
Submitted: 2020-02-14
Accepted: 2020-03-30
Published online: 2020-04-10
Get Citation

Bilateral inferior renal polar arteries with a high origin from the abdominal aorta

Y. Cho1, S.-P. Yoon23
·
Pubmed: 32301105
·
Folia Morphol 2021;80(1):215-218.
Affiliations
  1. Medical Course, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju 63243, Republic of Korea
  2. Department of Anatomy, Jeju National University School of Medicine, Jeju 63243, Republic of Korea
  3. Institute for Medical Science, Jeju National University, Jeju 63243, Republic of Korea

open access

Vol 80, No 1 (2021)
CASE REPORTS
Submitted: 2020-02-14
Accepted: 2020-03-30
Published online: 2020-04-10

Abstract

Bilateral multiple renal arteries are not-so-rare variations. However, inferior renal polar arteries with a high origin from the abdominal aorta have rarely been reported. We found bilateral inferior renal polar arteries with a high origin from the abdominal aorta in an 84-year-old Korean female cadaver. Two right and three left renal arteries were seen with the lowest as the main renal artery bilaterally. The highest artery crossed the main renal artery and penetrated into the inferior pole of the kidney, respectively. After dissection, each inferior polar artery could be classified as the inferior segmental branch. A further understanding on its embryogenesis might be important since variations in renal arteries are of particular interest to clinicians as well as anatomists.

Abstract

Bilateral multiple renal arteries are not-so-rare variations. However, inferior renal polar arteries with a high origin from the abdominal aorta have rarely been reported. We found bilateral inferior renal polar arteries with a high origin from the abdominal aorta in an 84-year-old Korean female cadaver. Two right and three left renal arteries were seen with the lowest as the main renal artery bilaterally. The highest artery crossed the main renal artery and penetrated into the inferior pole of the kidney, respectively. After dissection, each inferior polar artery could be classified as the inferior segmental branch. A further understanding on its embryogenesis might be important since variations in renal arteries are of particular interest to clinicians as well as anatomists.

Get Citation

Keywords

multiple renal arteries, inferior renal polar artery, inferior segmental branches, anatomical variation, cadaver

About this article
Title

Bilateral inferior renal polar arteries with a high origin from the abdominal aorta

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 80, No 1 (2021)

Article type

Case report

Pages

215-218

Published online

2020-04-10

Page views

964

Article views/downloads

1163

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2020.0040

Pubmed

32301105

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2021;80(1):215-218.

Keywords

multiple renal arteries
inferior renal polar artery
inferior segmental branches
anatomical variation
cadaver

Authors

Y. Cho
S.-P. Yoon

References (19)
  1. Bergman RA, Afifi AK, Miyauchi R. Illustrated encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus II: Cardiovascular System: Arteries: Abdomen: Variations in Branches of Celiac Trunk. https://www.anatomyatlases.org/AnatomicVariants/Cardiovascular/Text/Arteries/RenalInferiorPolar.shtml (Cited Jan 28, 2020).
  2. Chan PL, Tan FH. Renin dependent hypertension caused by accessory renal arteries. Clin Hypertens. 2018; 24: 15.
  3. Chandragirish S, Nanjaiah CM, Shirur SY, et al. Study on variations of inferior segmental branch of renal artery. Int J Anat Res. 2014; 2(4): 716–719.
  4. Ciçekcibaşi AE, Salbacak A, Seker M, et al. The origin of gonadal arteries in human fetuses: anatomical variations. Ann Anat. 2002; 184(3): 275–279.
  5. Felix W. The development of the urogenital organs. In: Keibel F, Mall FP eds. Manual of human embryology. J.B. Lippincott Company, Philadelphia 1912: 752–880.
  6. Gadabanahalli K, Bhat V. Thoracic origin of single right renal artery: some interesting facets. Int J Angiol. 2017; 26(4): 264–266.
  7. Gokalp G, Hakyemez B, Erdogan C. Vascular anomaly in bilateral ectopic kidney: a case report. Cases J. 2010; 3: 5.
  8. Gulas E, Wysiadecki G, Cecot T, et al. Accessory (multiple) renal arteries - Differences in frequency according to population, visualizing techniques and stage of morphological development. Vascular. 2016; 24(5): 531–537.
  9. Gulas E, Wysiadecki G, Szymański J, et al. Morphological and clinical aspects of the occurrence of accessory (multiple) renal arteries. Arch Med Sci. 2018; 14(2): 442–453.
  10. Khamanarong K, Prachaney P, Utraravichien A, et al. Anatomy of renal arterial supply. Clin Anat. 2004; 17(4): 334–336.
  11. Majos M, Stefańczyk L, Szemraj-Rogucka Z, et al. Does the type of renal artery anatomic variant determine the diameter of the main vessel supplying a kidney? A study based on CT data with a particular focus on the presence of multiple renal arteries. Surg Radiol Anat. 2018; 40(4): 381–388.
  12. Majos M, Polguj M, Stefańczyk L, et al. Renal-aortic ratio as an objective measure of renal artery diameter a computed tomography angiography study. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2019; 19(1): 181.
  13. Mantraratnam PP, Bhattam NR. A study on accessory renal arteries in cadavers and its clinical correlation. Int J Health Sci Res. 2016; 6: 148–150.
  14. Ozkan U, Oğuzkurt L, Tercan F, et al. Renal artery origins and variations: angiographic evaluation of 855 consecutive patients. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2006; 12(4): 183–186.
  15. Patel K, Gandhi S, Modi P. Unusual origin of right renal artery: a report of two cases. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016; 10(5): TJ03–TJ04.
  16. Ramesh Rao T, Shetty P, Rao S. Unusual course of accessory renal artery and its clinical significance: a case report. Int J Anat Var. 2011; 4: 197–199.
  17. Saldarriaga B, Pinto S, Ballesteros L. Morphological expression of the renal artery: a direct anatomical study in a colombian half-caste population. Int J Morphol. 2008; 26(1).
  18. Vilhova I, Kryvko YY, Maciejewski R. The radioanatomical research of plural renal arteries. Folia Morphol. 2001; 60(4): 337–341.
  19. Zăhoi DE, Sztika D, Dăescu E. Morphological variability of arterial sources of the renal polar parenchyma and its clinical importance. Rom J Morphol Embryol. 2015; 56(4): 1403–1409.

Regulations

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By VM Media Group sp. z o.o., Grupa Via Medica, Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.: +48 58 320 94 94, faks: +48 58 320 94 60, e-mail: viamedica@viamedica.pl