open access

Vol 79, No 3 (2020)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2020-03-18
Submitted: 2020-02-13
Accepted: 2020-03-12
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Anatomical location of the vertebrobasilar junction: computed tomography morphometrics for planning endoscopic transsphenoidal transclival approaches

A. Er, M. Bozdag
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2020.0038
·
Pubmed: 32207847
·
Folia Morphol 2020;79(3):445-449.

open access

Vol 79, No 3 (2020)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2020-03-18
Submitted: 2020-02-13
Accepted: 2020-03-12

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the anatomical localisation and morphometry of vertebrobasilar junction (VBJ) by computed tomography (CT) images which may be helpful in planning the correct procedure before surgery such as endoscopic transsphenoidal transclival approach to the retroclival space.

Materials and methods: Vertebrobasilar junction level was determined on axial, coronal reformat and sagittal reformat images. Clivus length, the distances of the VBJ to the upper and lower end of the clivus and to the bottom of the sphenoid sinus were measured. In addition, the position and distance of the VBJ relative to the midline were measured. The vertebral artery dominance was determined and the position of VBJ relative to the midline was evaluated.

Results: When compared by gender, 1, a, b and c values were significantly longer in males than in females (p < 0.05). The location of the bottom of the sphenoid sinus was higher than the VBJ level in 263 (98.1%) cases, equal to the VBJ level in 1 (0.4%) case, and lower than the VBJ level in 4 (1.5%) cases. There was no statistically significant difference between the distances to the midline when the VBJs with right and left localisation were compared (p > 0.05). A statistically significant relationship was found between vertebral artery predominance and localisation of VBJ relative to the midline (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Careful perusal of CT images and the described VBJ morphometrics can help in accurate procedure planning to avoid basilar artery injury.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to determine the anatomical localisation and morphometry of vertebrobasilar junction (VBJ) by computed tomography (CT) images which may be helpful in planning the correct procedure before surgery such as endoscopic transsphenoidal transclival approach to the retroclival space.

Materials and methods: Vertebrobasilar junction level was determined on axial, coronal reformat and sagittal reformat images. Clivus length, the distances of the VBJ to the upper and lower end of the clivus and to the bottom of the sphenoid sinus were measured. In addition, the position and distance of the VBJ relative to the midline were measured. The vertebral artery dominance was determined and the position of VBJ relative to the midline was evaluated.

Results: When compared by gender, 1, a, b and c values were significantly longer in males than in females (p < 0.05). The location of the bottom of the sphenoid sinus was higher than the VBJ level in 263 (98.1%) cases, equal to the VBJ level in 1 (0.4%) case, and lower than the VBJ level in 4 (1.5%) cases. There was no statistically significant difference between the distances to the midline when the VBJs with right and left localisation were compared (p > 0.05). A statistically significant relationship was found between vertebral artery predominance and localisation of VBJ relative to the midline (p < 0.001).

Conclusions: Careful perusal of CT images and the described VBJ morphometrics can help in accurate procedure planning to avoid basilar artery injury.

Get Citation

Keywords

vertebro-basilar junction; clivus; endoscopic transsphenoidal transclival approach; computed tomography

About this article
Title

Anatomical location of the vertebrobasilar junction: computed tomography morphometrics for planning endoscopic transsphenoidal transclival approaches

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 79, No 3 (2020)

Pages

445-449

Published online

2020-03-18

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2020.0038

Pubmed

32207847

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2020;79(3):445-449.

Keywords

vertebro-basilar junction
clivus
endoscopic transsphenoidal transclival approach
computed tomography

Authors

A. Er
M. Bozdag

References (12)
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