open access

Vol 79, No 2 (2020)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2019-07-12
Submitted: 2019-04-16
Accepted: 2019-07-03
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Two different variants of the jugulocephalic vein with supraclavicular course

W.-J. Lee, H. K. Choi, S. S. Cho, J. Kim, S.-P. Yoon
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0078
·
Pubmed: 31448812
·
Folia Morphol 2020;79(2):407-410.

open access

Vol 79, No 2 (2020)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2019-07-12
Submitted: 2019-04-16
Accepted: 2019-07-03

Abstract

The jugulocephalic anastomosis is a rare anatomical variant which normally undergoes atrophy during embryonic development. We found 2 cases of the jugulocephalic vein variant with supraclavicular course in Korean male cadavers. In a 50-year-old cadaver, the right cephalic vein ascended anterior to the clavicle, and terminated into the external jugular vein as well as to the axillary vein through a classic branch. In a 76-year-old cadaver, the left cephalic vein ascended supraclavicular course without any branch to the axillary vein, and terminated to the external jugular vein. We discussed the embryological explanation as well as its frequency since this jugulocephalic vein variant could cause unpredicted danger during clinical procedures.

Abstract

The jugulocephalic anastomosis is a rare anatomical variant which normally undergoes atrophy during embryonic development. We found 2 cases of the jugulocephalic vein variant with supraclavicular course in Korean male cadavers. In a 50-year-old cadaver, the right cephalic vein ascended anterior to the clavicle, and terminated into the external jugular vein as well as to the axillary vein through a classic branch. In a 76-year-old cadaver, the left cephalic vein ascended supraclavicular course without any branch to the axillary vein, and terminated to the external jugular vein. We discussed the embryological explanation as well as its frequency since this jugulocephalic vein variant could cause unpredicted danger during clinical procedures.

Get Citation

Keywords

jugulocephalic anastomosis, supraclavicular course, cephalic vein, external jugular vein

About this article
Title

Two different variants of the jugulocephalic vein with supraclavicular course

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 79, No 2 (2020)

Pages

407-410

Published online

2019-07-12

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2019.0078

Pubmed

31448812

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2020;79(2):407-410.

Keywords

jugulocephalic anastomosis
supraclavicular course
cephalic vein
external jugular vein

Authors

W.-J. Lee
H. K. Choi
S. S. Cho
J. Kim
S.-P. Yoon

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