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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-07-17
Submitted: 2018-05-09
Accepted: 2018-06-27
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Vitamin C attenuates the toxic effect of nutmeg on primary visual occipital cortex in rats

Nesrin Abd Allah Fath Allah Salman, Fatma El-Nabawia Abdel-Hady El-Safty, Mostafa Mahmoud El-Habeby, Wael Badr El-Kholy, Gehan Farouk Ali El-Akabawy
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2018.0066
·
Pubmed: 30106466

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-07-17
Submitted: 2018-05-09
Accepted: 2018-06-27

Abstract

Background: Nutmeg is neurotoxic in rats and possibly neurotoxic also in humans. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of nutmeg on the primary visual occipital cortex of adult male rat and to evaluate the possible protective role of vitamin C. Materials and methods: Fifty Sprague-Dawley adults male rats were randomly divided into three main groups; control, nutmeg-treated (500 and 1000 mg/kg/day) and protected groups [nutmeg + vitamin C (500mg/kg/day]. All rats were treated orally by gavage for 5 days per week for 6 weeks. At the end of the experiment, primary visual occipital cerebral cortex was subjected to histological, immunohistochemical and genetic analyses. Results: Our results revealed toxic effects of nutmeg on the primary visual occipital cerebral cortex in adult male albino rat. This was indicated by histopathological alterations, including pyknotic nuclei surrounded with vacuolations by light microscopic studies and degenerations of organelles by electron microscopic studies. In addition, we detected an increase in immune-reactivity for GFAP and caspase-3 by immunohistochemical assessments. Apoptotic bands appeared in genetic studies. Co-administration of vitamin C ameliorated nutmeg-induced toxic alterations on the primary visual occipital cerebral cortex. Conclusions: Nutmeg administration caused histopathological and genetic changes in the primary visual occipital cerebral cortex in adult male albino rats. These changes were improved by co-administration of vitamin C.

Abstract

Background: Nutmeg is neurotoxic in rats and possibly neurotoxic also in humans. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of nutmeg on the primary visual occipital cortex of adult male rat and to evaluate the possible protective role of vitamin C. Materials and methods: Fifty Sprague-Dawley adults male rats were randomly divided into three main groups; control, nutmeg-treated (500 and 1000 mg/kg/day) and protected groups [nutmeg + vitamin C (500mg/kg/day]. All rats were treated orally by gavage for 5 days per week for 6 weeks. At the end of the experiment, primary visual occipital cerebral cortex was subjected to histological, immunohistochemical and genetic analyses. Results: Our results revealed toxic effects of nutmeg on the primary visual occipital cerebral cortex in adult male albino rat. This was indicated by histopathological alterations, including pyknotic nuclei surrounded with vacuolations by light microscopic studies and degenerations of organelles by electron microscopic studies. In addition, we detected an increase in immune-reactivity for GFAP and caspase-3 by immunohistochemical assessments. Apoptotic bands appeared in genetic studies. Co-administration of vitamin C ameliorated nutmeg-induced toxic alterations on the primary visual occipital cerebral cortex. Conclusions: Nutmeg administration caused histopathological and genetic changes in the primary visual occipital cerebral cortex in adult male albino rats. These changes were improved by co-administration of vitamin C.

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Keywords

antioxidant; apoptosis; cerebral cortex; neurotoxin; nutmeg; vitamin C

About this article
Title

Vitamin C attenuates the toxic effect of nutmeg on primary visual occipital cortex in rats

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Published online

2018-07-17

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2018.0066

Pubmed

30106466

Keywords

antioxidant
apoptosis
cerebral cortex
neurotoxin
nutmeg
vitamin C

Authors

Nesrin Abd Allah Fath Allah Salman
Fatma El-Nabawia Abdel-Hady El-Safty
Mostafa Mahmoud El-Habeby
Wael Badr El-Kholy
Gehan Farouk Ali El-Akabawy

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