open access

Vol 77, No 3 (2018)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-02-02
Submitted: 2017-12-08
Accepted: 2018-01-19
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Evaluation of anatomical and morphological characteristics of the nasopalatine canal in a Turkish population by cone beam computed tomography

S. Hakbilen, G. Magat
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2018.0013
·
Pubmed: 29399754
·
Folia Morphol 2018;77(3):527-535.

open access

Vol 77, No 3 (2018)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-02-02
Submitted: 2017-12-08
Accepted: 2018-01-19

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to analyse as three dimensions the anatomical and morphometric dimensions of nasopalatine canal (NPC) in the coronal, axial and sagittal directions using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to evaluate the effect of age, gender and maxillary dental status on NPC and
buccal bone thickness (BBT).
Materials and methods: In this study, CBCT data of the 619 individuals aged between 17 and 86 years were examined retrospectively with respect to dimensions and anatomic variations of the NPC and BBTs. The correlation of age, gender, and status of edentulism of anterior maxilla with all the variables were evaluated.
Results: The NPC and BBT showed important variability in terms of morphology and dimensions. Morphological assessment of NPC revealed that 26.17% of NPCs were conical shape, 24.71% of canals were hourglass-shaped, 16.80% of canals were cylindrical shaped, 15.83% of canals were funnel-like shaped, 11.14% of canals were banana-like shaped, and 5.33% of canals were tree branch-like shaped. Males and females showed significant differences in the length of the NPC and BBTs in the sagittal sections. There were significant differences between
age and BBTs. In addition, the length of NPC and BBTs were statistically different according to dental status.
Conclusions: These anatomical changes in terms of dimensional and morphological parameters revealed the importance of three-dimensional imaging. Dentists should know and consider the variations in this canal in order to avoid possible complications during anaesthesia and surgical procedures which were applied to the maxillary anterior region. More precautions should be taken during surgical procedures in females, elderly and edentulous patients.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to analyse as three dimensions the anatomical and morphometric dimensions of nasopalatine canal (NPC) in the coronal, axial and sagittal directions using cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) and to evaluate the effect of age, gender and maxillary dental status on NPC and
buccal bone thickness (BBT).
Materials and methods: In this study, CBCT data of the 619 individuals aged between 17 and 86 years were examined retrospectively with respect to dimensions and anatomic variations of the NPC and BBTs. The correlation of age, gender, and status of edentulism of anterior maxilla with all the variables were evaluated.
Results: The NPC and BBT showed important variability in terms of morphology and dimensions. Morphological assessment of NPC revealed that 26.17% of NPCs were conical shape, 24.71% of canals were hourglass-shaped, 16.80% of canals were cylindrical shaped, 15.83% of canals were funnel-like shaped, 11.14% of canals were banana-like shaped, and 5.33% of canals were tree branch-like shaped. Males and females showed significant differences in the length of the NPC and BBTs in the sagittal sections. There were significant differences between
age and BBTs. In addition, the length of NPC and BBTs were statistically different according to dental status.
Conclusions: These anatomical changes in terms of dimensional and morphological parameters revealed the importance of three-dimensional imaging. Dentists should know and consider the variations in this canal in order to avoid possible complications during anaesthesia and surgical procedures which were applied to the maxillary anterior region. More precautions should be taken during surgical procedures in females, elderly and edentulous patients.

Get Citation

Keywords

anatomy; nasopalatine canal; buccal bone thickness; cone beam computed tomography

About this article
Title

Evaluation of anatomical and morphological characteristics of the nasopalatine canal in a Turkish population by cone beam computed tomography

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 77, No 3 (2018)

Pages

527-535

Published online

2018-02-02

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2018.0013

Pubmed

29399754

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2018;77(3):527-535.

Keywords

anatomy
nasopalatine canal
buccal bone thickness
cone beam computed tomography

Authors

S. Hakbilen
G. Magat

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