open access

Vol 77, No 3 (2018)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-01-11
Submitted: 2017-11-21
Accepted: 2018-01-02
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Sectioned images and surface models of a cadaver head with reference to botulinum neurotoxin injection

D.S. Shin, Y.J. Shim, B.C. Kim
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2018.0005
·
Pubmed: 29345721
·
Folia Morphol 2018;77(3):564-569.

open access

Vol 77, No 3 (2018)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-01-11
Submitted: 2017-11-21
Accepted: 2018-01-02

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study is to elucidate the anatomical considerations with reference to botulinum neurotoxin type A (BTX) injection, on sectioned images and surface models, using Visible Korean. These can be used for medical education and clinical training in the field of facial surgery.
Materials and methods: Serially sectioned images of the head were obtained from a cadaver. Significant anatomic structures in the sectioned images were outlined and assembled to create a surface model.
Results: The PDF file (27.8 MB) of the stacked models can be accessed for free. The file can also be obtained from the authors by email. Using this file, important anatomical structures associated with the BTX injection can be investigated in the sectioned images. All surface models and stereoscopic structures related with the
BTX injection are described in real time.
Conclusions: We hope that these state-of-the-art sectioned images, outlined images, and surface models will assist students and trainees in acquiring a better understanding of the anatomy associated with the BTX injection.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study is to elucidate the anatomical considerations with reference to botulinum neurotoxin type A (BTX) injection, on sectioned images and surface models, using Visible Korean. These can be used for medical education and clinical training in the field of facial surgery.
Materials and methods: Serially sectioned images of the head were obtained from a cadaver. Significant anatomic structures in the sectioned images were outlined and assembled to create a surface model.
Results: The PDF file (27.8 MB) of the stacked models can be accessed for free. The file can also be obtained from the authors by email. Using this file, important anatomical structures associated with the BTX injection can be investigated in the sectioned images. All surface models and stereoscopic structures related with the
BTX injection are described in real time.
Conclusions: We hope that these state-of-the-art sectioned images, outlined images, and surface models will assist students and trainees in acquiring a better understanding of the anatomy associated with the BTX injection.

Get Citation

Keywords

cross-sectional anatomy; three-dimensional imaging; botulinum toxins

Supplementary Files (1)
Supplementary Figure 1. PDF file with reference to botulinum neurotoxin injection
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About this article
Title

Sectioned images and surface models of a cadaver head with reference to botulinum neurotoxin injection

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 77, No 3 (2018)

Pages

564-569

Published online

2018-01-11

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2018.0005

Pubmed

29345721

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2018;77(3):564-569.

Keywords

cross-sectional anatomy
three-dimensional imaging
botulinum toxins

Authors

D.S. Shin
Y.J. Shim
B.C. Kim

References (23)
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