open access

Vol 77, No 3 (2018)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-01-26
Submitted: 2017-09-21
Accepted: 2017-12-25
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Assessment of dimensions of pneumatisation of the anterior clinoid process in middle Anatolian population by computed tomography

V. Sabanciogullari, Y. Tastemur, I. Salk, G. Dogruyol, M. Cimen
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2018.0011
·
Pubmed: 29399752
·
Folia Morphol 2018;77(3):558-563.

open access

Vol 77, No 3 (2018)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2018-01-26
Submitted: 2017-09-21
Accepted: 2017-12-25

Abstract

Background: The anterior clinoid process (ACP) is usually removed during surgical procedures of the cellar region. The ACP may be different length and width in people; it may be also pneumatic. Therefore, we aimed to determine dimensions and rates of pneumatisation of the ACP in the large study group with clinically
importance.
Materials and methods: One thousand and thirty-one (592 female, 439 male) cranial computed tomography (CT) of the middle Anatolian population was used in this study. The length and basal width of the ACP were measured on the cranial CT. Also; incidence and degree of ACP pneumatisation were identified.
Results: The width of the right and left ACPs in females were 10.80 ± 2.27 mm and 10.53 ± 2.07 mm, respectively. The width of the right and left ACPs in males were 11.08 ± 2.39 mm and 10.98 ± 2.35 mm, respectively. The length of the right and left ACPs in females were 8.32 ± 2.40 mm and 8.34 ± 2.35 mm, respectively. The length of the right and left ACPs in males were 8.87 ± 2.62 mm and 8.93 ± 2.64 mm, respectively. There was statistically significant difference between males and females in ACP dimensions, except for the width of the right ACP. Pneumatisation of the ACP was observed on the right side in 46 (9.3%) cases,
on the left side in 53 (10.6%) cases, and bilaterally in 32 (6.5%) cases. Incidence of pneumatisation of the ACP was decreased in the age group of 1 month to 20 years. While the incidence of bilateral pneumatisation of the ACP was higher in individuals aged 21–40.
Conclusions: Radiologically recognising pneumatisation and anatomical variations of the ACP may be helpful in decreasing the incidence of surgical complications during anterior clinoidectomy.

Abstract

Background: The anterior clinoid process (ACP) is usually removed during surgical procedures of the cellar region. The ACP may be different length and width in people; it may be also pneumatic. Therefore, we aimed to determine dimensions and rates of pneumatisation of the ACP in the large study group with clinically
importance.
Materials and methods: One thousand and thirty-one (592 female, 439 male) cranial computed tomography (CT) of the middle Anatolian population was used in this study. The length and basal width of the ACP were measured on the cranial CT. Also; incidence and degree of ACP pneumatisation were identified.
Results: The width of the right and left ACPs in females were 10.80 ± 2.27 mm and 10.53 ± 2.07 mm, respectively. The width of the right and left ACPs in males were 11.08 ± 2.39 mm and 10.98 ± 2.35 mm, respectively. The length of the right and left ACPs in females were 8.32 ± 2.40 mm and 8.34 ± 2.35 mm, respectively. The length of the right and left ACPs in males were 8.87 ± 2.62 mm and 8.93 ± 2.64 mm, respectively. There was statistically significant difference between males and females in ACP dimensions, except for the width of the right ACP. Pneumatisation of the ACP was observed on the right side in 46 (9.3%) cases,
on the left side in 53 (10.6%) cases, and bilaterally in 32 (6.5%) cases. Incidence of pneumatisation of the ACP was decreased in the age group of 1 month to 20 years. While the incidence of bilateral pneumatisation of the ACP was higher in individuals aged 21–40.
Conclusions: Radiologically recognising pneumatisation and anatomical variations of the ACP may be helpful in decreasing the incidence of surgical complications during anterior clinoidectomy.

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Keywords

anterior clinoid process; pneumatisation; computed tomography

About this article
Title

Assessment of dimensions of pneumatisation of the anterior clinoid process in middle Anatolian population by computed tomography

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 77, No 3 (2018)

Pages

558-563

Published online

2018-01-26

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2018.0011

Pubmed

29399752

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2018;77(3):558-563.

Keywords

anterior clinoid process
pneumatisation
computed tomography

Authors

V. Sabanciogullari
Y. Tastemur
I. Salk
G. Dogruyol
M. Cimen

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