open access

Vol 77, No 2 (2018)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2017-10-23
Submitted: 2017-08-10
Accepted: 2017-10-02
Get Citation

Width of dental arches in patients with maxillary midline diastema

A. Sękowska, R. Chałas, I. Dunin-Wilczyńska
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2017.0099
·
Pubmed: 29064544
·
Folia Morphol 2018;77(2):340-344.

open access

Vol 77, No 2 (2018)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2017-10-23
Submitted: 2017-08-10
Accepted: 2017-10-02

Abstract

Background: The aims of the study were as follows: (1) to examine the width of the dental arches of patients with maxillary midline diastema and compare it with control group; (2) to investigate the impact of the width of upper dental arch on the width of diastema.

Materials and methods: Diagnostic orthodontic plaster models of 102 patients with permanent dentition were studied. Patients were divided into two groups: study group with diastema and control group without diastema. Patients with severe malocclusion, craniofacial diseases, hypodontia and microdontia and pa­tients with periodontal disease were excluded. The transpalatal width of palate, premolar and molar arch widths in Pont’s points of upper and lower jaw were measured using digital calliper. The results were statistically analysed.

Results: Analysis showed a significant correlation between presence of diastema and premolar and molar width of the dental arches for both upper and lower jaw. Studied widths were larger in patients with diastema compared to the group without diastema. Analysis of the transpalatal width showed statistically significant differences between the study group and the control group. Analysis of widths of diastema and transpalatal widths showed that there was not statistically sig­nificant correlation.

Conclusions: Patients with diastema had increased in size in both the premolar and molar width of the dental arches. Increase the width affect to both upper and lower dental arch. Patients with diastema also were characterised by often occurrence of normal or increased of the transpalatal width but the width of the diastema did not correlate with the width of the palate. (Folia Morphol 2018; 77, 2: 340–344)

Abstract

Background: The aims of the study were as follows: (1) to examine the width of the dental arches of patients with maxillary midline diastema and compare it with control group; (2) to investigate the impact of the width of upper dental arch on the width of diastema.

Materials and methods: Diagnostic orthodontic plaster models of 102 patients with permanent dentition were studied. Patients were divided into two groups: study group with diastema and control group without diastema. Patients with severe malocclusion, craniofacial diseases, hypodontia and microdontia and pa­tients with periodontal disease were excluded. The transpalatal width of palate, premolar and molar arch widths in Pont’s points of upper and lower jaw were measured using digital calliper. The results were statistically analysed.

Results: Analysis showed a significant correlation between presence of diastema and premolar and molar width of the dental arches for both upper and lower jaw. Studied widths were larger in patients with diastema compared to the group without diastema. Analysis of the transpalatal width showed statistically significant differences between the study group and the control group. Analysis of widths of diastema and transpalatal widths showed that there was not statistically sig­nificant correlation.

Conclusions: Patients with diastema had increased in size in both the premolar and molar width of the dental arches. Increase the width affect to both upper and lower dental arch. Patients with diastema also were characterised by often occurrence of normal or increased of the transpalatal width but the width of the diastema did not correlate with the width of the palate. (Folia Morphol 2018; 77, 2: 340–344)

Get Citation

Keywords

Pont’s points, Pont’s width, transpalatal width

About this article
Title

Width of dental arches in patients with maxillary midline diastema

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 77, No 2 (2018)

Pages

340-344

Published online

2017-10-23

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2017.0099

Pubmed

29064544

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2018;77(2):340-344.

Keywords

Pont’s points
Pont’s width
transpalatal width

Authors

A. Sękowska
R. Chałas
I. Dunin-Wilczyńska

References (28)
  1. Alvaran N, Roldan SI, Buschang PH. Maxillary and mandibular arch widths of Colombians. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2009; 135(5): 649–656.
  2. Attia Y. Midline diastemas: closure and stability. Angle Orthod. 1993; 63(3): 209–212.
  3. Bednarz W, Sokołowski B. Kompleks śluzówkowo-dziąsłowy w wieku rozwojowym. E-Dentico. 2007; 1: 58–64.
  4. Bhattacharya P, Raju PS, Bajpai A. Prognosis v/s etiology: midline papilla reconstruction after closure of median diastema. Ann Essences Dent. 2011; 3: 37–40.
  5. Bjork A, Krebs A, Solow B. A method for epidemiological registration of malocclusion. Acta Odontol Scand. 1964; 22: 27–41.
  6. Chu CH, Zhang CF, Jin LJ. Treating a maxillary midline diastema in adult patients: a general dentist's perspective. J Am Dent Assoc. 2011; 142(11): 1258–1264.
  7. Dalidjan M, Sampson W, Townsend G. Prediction of dental arch development: an assessment of Pont's Index in three human populations. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 1995; 107(5): 465–475.
  8. Delli K, Livas C, Sculean A, et al. Facts and myths regarding the maxillary midline frenum and its treatment: a systematic review of the literature. Quintessence Int. 2013; 44(2): 177–187.
  9. Erdemir U, Yildiz E. Esthetic and Functional Management of Diastema: A Multidisciplinary Approach. Springer International Publishing 2015.
  10. Gkantidis N, Kolokitha OE, Topouzelis N. Management of maxillary midline diastema with emphasis on etiology. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2008; 32(4): 265–272.
  11. Hesby RM, Marshall SD, Dawson DV, et al. Transverse skeletal and dentoalveolar changes during growth. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2006; 130(6): 721–731.
  12. Huang WJ, Creath CJ. The midline diastema: a review of its etiology and treatment. Pediatr Dent. 1995; 17(3): 171–179.
  13. Joneja P, Pal V, Tiwari M, et al. Factors to be considered in treatment of midline diastema. Int J Curr Pharm Res. 2013; 5: 1–3.
  14. Kadouch DJM, Maas SM, Dubois L, et al. Surgical treatment of macroglossia in patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome: a 20-year experience and review of the literature. Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2012; 41(3): 300–308.
  15. Korkut B, Yanikoglu F, Tagtekin D. Direct midline diastema closure with composite layering technique: a one-year follow-up. Case Rep Dent. 2016; 2016: 6810984.
  16. Krooks L, Pirttiniemi P, Kanavakis G, et al. Prevalence of malocclusion traits and orthodontic treatment in a Finnish adult population. Acta Odontol Scand. 2016; 74(5): 362–367.
  17. Ling JYK, Wong RWK. Dental arch widths of Southern Chinese. Angle Orthod. 2009; 79(1): 54–63.
  18. McNamara JAJ, Brudon WL, Kokich VG. Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. Needham Press INC .
  19. Noureddine A, Fron Chabouis H, Parenton S, et al. Laypersons' esthetic perception of various computer-generated diastemas: a pilot study. J Prosthet Dent. 2014; 112(4): 914–920.
  20. Oesterle LJ, Shellhart WC. Maxillary midline diastemas: a look at the causes. J Am Dent Assoc. 1999; 130(1): 85–94.
  21. Onyeaso C. Prevalence of malocclusion among adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria. Am J Orthod Dentofac Orthop. 2004; 126(5): 604–607.
  22. Pont A. Der zahnindex in der orthodontie. Zahnearztliche Orthopeadie. 1909; 3: 306–321.
  23. Rastegar-Lari T, Al-Azemi R, Thalib L, et al. Dental arch dimensions of adolescent Kuwaitis with untreated ideal occlusion: variation and validity of proposed expansion indexes. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2012; 142(5): 635–644.
  24. Sękowska A, Chałas R. Diastema size and type of upper lip midline frenulum attachment. Folia Morphol. 2017; 76(3): 501–505.
  25. Sękowska A, Dunin-Wilczyńska I, Chałas R. The size of anterior teeth in patients with gaps in the upper dental arch. Folia Morphol. 2015; 74(4): 493–496.
  26. Shashua D, Artun J. Relapse after orthodontic correction of maxillary median diastema: a follow-up evaluation of consecutive cases. Angle Orthod. 1999; 69(3): 257–263.
  27. Thilander B, Pena L, Infante C, et al. Prevalence of malocclusion and orthodontic treatment need in children and adolescents in Bogota, Colombia. An epidemiological study related to different stages of dental development. Eur J Orthod. 2001; 23(2): 153–167.
  28. Tyrologou S, Koch G, Kurol J. Location, complications and treatment of mesiodentes--a retrospective study in children. Swed Dent J. 2005; 29(1): 1–9.

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl