open access

Vol 77, No 1 (2018)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2017-08-21
Submitted: 2017-06-19
Accepted: 2017-07-31
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Co-existence of the double inferior vena cava with complex interiliac venous communication and aberrant common hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery: a case report

V. Chentanez, N. Nateniyom, T. Huanmanop, S. Agthong
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2017.0074
·
Pubmed: 28832091
·
Folia Morphol 2018;77(1):151-155.

open access

Vol 77, No 1 (2018)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2017-08-21
Submitted: 2017-06-19
Accepted: 2017-07-31

Abstract

Variations of the arterial and venous system of the abdomen and pelvis have important clinical significance in hepatobiliary surgery, abdominal laparoscopy, and radiological intervention. A case of double inferior vena cava (IVC) with complex interiliac communication and variation of the common hepatic artery (CHA) arising from superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in a 79-year-old male cadaver is presented. Both IVCs ascended on either side of the abdominal aorta. The left-sided IVC crossed anterior to the aorta at the level of the left renal vein. The union of both IVCs was at the level just above the right renal vein. The diameter of right-sided IVC, left-sided IVC and the common IVC were 16.73 mm, 21.57 mm and 28.75 mm, respectively. In the pelvic cavity, the right common iliac vein was formed by a union of right external and internal iliac veins while the formation of left common iliac vein was from the external iliac vein and two internal iliac veins. An interiliac vein ran from right internal iliac vein to left common iliac vein with an additional communicating vein running from the middle of this interiliac vein to the right common iliac vein. Another co-existence variation in this case was the origin of the CHA arising from the SMA with a suprapancreatic retroportal course. Clinical importance of double IVC are observed in retroperitoneal surgery, whole organ transplantation or radical nephrectomy, surgical ligation of the IVC or the placement of an IVC filter for thromboembolic disease. The variation of CHA has an important clinical significance in liver transplantation, abdominal laparoscopy and radiological abdominal intervention. (Folia Morphol 2018; 77, 1: 151–155)

Abstract

Variations of the arterial and venous system of the abdomen and pelvis have important clinical significance in hepatobiliary surgery, abdominal laparoscopy, and radiological intervention. A case of double inferior vena cava (IVC) with complex interiliac communication and variation of the common hepatic artery (CHA) arising from superior mesenteric artery (SMA) in a 79-year-old male cadaver is presented. Both IVCs ascended on either side of the abdominal aorta. The left-sided IVC crossed anterior to the aorta at the level of the left renal vein. The union of both IVCs was at the level just above the right renal vein. The diameter of right-sided IVC, left-sided IVC and the common IVC were 16.73 mm, 21.57 mm and 28.75 mm, respectively. In the pelvic cavity, the right common iliac vein was formed by a union of right external and internal iliac veins while the formation of left common iliac vein was from the external iliac vein and two internal iliac veins. An interiliac vein ran from right internal iliac vein to left common iliac vein with an additional communicating vein running from the middle of this interiliac vein to the right common iliac vein. Another co-existence variation in this case was the origin of the CHA arising from the SMA with a suprapancreatic retroportal course. Clinical importance of double IVC are observed in retroperitoneal surgery, whole organ transplantation or radical nephrectomy, surgical ligation of the IVC or the placement of an IVC filter for thromboembolic disease. The variation of CHA has an important clinical significance in liver transplantation, abdominal laparoscopy and radiological abdominal intervention. (Folia Morphol 2018; 77, 1: 151–155)

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Keywords

double inferior vena cava, common hepatic artery, interiliac vein, superior mesenteric artery

About this article
Title

Co-existence of the double inferior vena cava with complex interiliac venous communication and aberrant common hepatic artery arising from superior mesenteric artery: a case report

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 77, No 1 (2018)

Pages

151-155

Published online

2017-08-21

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2017.0074

Pubmed

28832091

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2018;77(1):151-155.

Keywords

double inferior vena cava
common hepatic artery
interiliac vein
superior mesenteric artery

Authors

V. Chentanez
N. Nateniyom
T. Huanmanop
S. Agthong

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