open access

Vol 76, No 3 (2017)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2017-03-09
Submitted: 2016-08-16
Accepted: 2016-08-18
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Common and separate origins of the left and right inferior phrenic artery with a review of the literature

H. Terayama, S.-Q. Yi, O. Tanaka, T. Kanazawa, K. Suyama, N. Kosemura, S. Tetsu, H. Yamazaki, R. Sakamoto, S. Kawakami, T. Suzuki, K. Sakabe
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2017.0025
·
Pubmed: 28281724
·
Folia Morphol 2017;76(3):408-413.

open access

Vol 76, No 3 (2017)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2017-03-09
Submitted: 2016-08-16
Accepted: 2016-08-18

Abstract

In a 94-year-old male cadaver, upon which routine dissection was being conducted, a rare variation was found in the gastrophrenic trunk (GPT), the common trunk of the left gastric artery (LGA), right inferior phrenic artery (RIPA), and left inferior phrenic artery (LIPA); the GPT arises from the abdominal aorta. A hepatosplenic trunk accompanied the variation. In this variation, the RIPA first branched from the GPT and then to the LIPA and LGA. Variations in the common trunk of the LIPA and RIPA in the GPT are common, but to our knowledge, a variation (separate inferior phrenic artery in the GPT) similar to our findings has not been previously reported. We discuss the incidence and developmental and clinical significance of this variation with a detailed review of the literature. Knowledge of such a case has important clinical significance for invasive and non-invasive arterial procedures. Therefore, different variations concerning the LGA and inferior phrenic artery should be considered during surgical and non-surgical evaluations.

Abstract

In a 94-year-old male cadaver, upon which routine dissection was being conducted, a rare variation was found in the gastrophrenic trunk (GPT), the common trunk of the left gastric artery (LGA), right inferior phrenic artery (RIPA), and left inferior phrenic artery (LIPA); the GPT arises from the abdominal aorta. A hepatosplenic trunk accompanied the variation. In this variation, the RIPA first branched from the GPT and then to the LIPA and LGA. Variations in the common trunk of the LIPA and RIPA in the GPT are common, but to our knowledge, a variation (separate inferior phrenic artery in the GPT) similar to our findings has not been previously reported. We discuss the incidence and developmental and clinical significance of this variation with a detailed review of the literature. Knowledge of such a case has important clinical significance for invasive and non-invasive arterial procedures. Therefore, different variations concerning the LGA and inferior phrenic artery should be considered during surgical and non-surgical evaluations.

Get Citation

Keywords

separate left gastric artery, inferior phrenic artery, gastrophrenic trunk, vascular development, cadaver

About this article
Title

Common and separate origins of the left and right inferior phrenic artery with a review of the literature

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 76, No 3 (2017)

Pages

408-413

Published online

2017-03-09

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2017.0025

Pubmed

28281724

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2017;76(3):408-413.

Keywords

separate left gastric artery
inferior phrenic artery
gastrophrenic trunk
vascular development
cadaver

Authors

H. Terayama
S.-Q. Yi
O. Tanaka
T. Kanazawa
K. Suyama
N. Kosemura
S. Tetsu
H. Yamazaki
R. Sakamoto
S. Kawakami
T. Suzuki
K. Sakabe

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