open access

Vol 76, No 2 (2017)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2016-11-04
Submitted: 2016-06-20
Accepted: 2016-09-26
Get Citation

The report on the co-occurrence of two different rare anatomic variations of the plantaris muscle tendon on both sides of an individual

Ł. Olewnik, G. Wysiadecki, M. Polguj, M. Topol
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2016.0069
·
Pubmed: 27813626
·
Folia Morphol 2017;76(2):331-333.

open access

Vol 76, No 2 (2017)
CASE REPORTS
Published online: 2016-11-04
Submitted: 2016-06-20
Accepted: 2016-09-26

Abstract

The plantaris muscle usually begins with a short and small muscle belly on the popliteal surface of the femur and on the knee joint capsule. It continues distally to form a long and thin tendon typically fixed to the calcaneal tuberosity. However, the course and the insertion of the plantaris muscle is variable, which may influence the development of Achilles tendinopathy. The plantaris tendon may also be used for reconstruction of tendons and ligaments, such as talofibular and calcaneofibular ligament. In literature review no data concerning the co-occurrence of anatomic variations of the plantaris muscle tendon in different individuals has been found. This report presents a rare variant of the plantaris muscle insertion into the deep crural fascia on the left leg and absence of the plantaris muscle on the right leg of the same individual.

Abstract

The plantaris muscle usually begins with a short and small muscle belly on the popliteal surface of the femur and on the knee joint capsule. It continues distally to form a long and thin tendon typically fixed to the calcaneal tuberosity. However, the course and the insertion of the plantaris muscle is variable, which may influence the development of Achilles tendinopathy. The plantaris tendon may also be used for reconstruction of tendons and ligaments, such as talofibular and calcaneofibular ligament. In literature review no data concerning the co-occurrence of anatomic variations of the plantaris muscle tendon in different individuals has been found. This report presents a rare variant of the plantaris muscle insertion into the deep crural fascia on the left leg and absence of the plantaris muscle on the right leg of the same individual.

Get Citation

Keywords

calcaneal (Achilles) tendon, deep crural fascia, plantaris muscle, plantaris tendon

About this article
Title

The report on the co-occurrence of two different rare anatomic variations of the plantaris muscle tendon on both sides of an individual

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 76, No 2 (2017)

Pages

331-333

Published online

2016-11-04

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2016.0069

Pubmed

27813626

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2017;76(2):331-333.

Keywords

calcaneal (Achilles) tendon
deep crural fascia
plantaris muscle
plantaris tendon

Authors

Ł. Olewnik
G. Wysiadecki
M. Polguj
M. Topol

References (19)
  1. Alfredson H. Midportion Achilles tendinosis and the plantaris tendon. Br J Sports Med. 2011; 45(13): 1023–1025.
  2. Anson BJ, McVay CB. Surgical Anatomy. Volume 2. Saunders Company, Philadelphia : pp. 1186–1189.
  3. Bergman RA, Afifi AK, Miyauchi R (2015) Illustrated Encyclopedia of Human Anatomic Variation: Opus I: Muscular System: Alphabetical Listing of Muscles. [online] . http://www.anatomyatlases.org/AnatomicVariants/MuscularSystem/Text/P/29Plantaris.shtml. (accessed March 2016).
  4. Cruveilhier J. Anatomie descriptive. 1st ed. Paris, Becket Jeune. 1834: pp 262–263.
  5. Daselar EH, Anson BJ. The Plantaris Muscle: An Anatomical Study of 750 Specimens. J Bone Joint Surg. 1943; 25: 822–827.
  6. Harvey FJ, Chu G, Harvey PM. Surgical availability of the plantaris tendon. J Hand Surg Am. 1983; 8(3): 243–247.
  7. Kotian SR, Sachin KS, Bhat KMR. Bifurcated plantaris with rare relations to the neurovascular bundle in the popliteal fossa. Anat Sci Int. 2013; 88(4): 239–241.
  8. Kwinter D, Lagrew J, Kretzer J, et al. Unilateral Double Plantaris Muscle: A Rare Anatomical Variation. Int J Morphol. 2010; 28(4): 1097–1099.
  9. Lopez GJ, Hoffman RS, Davenport M. Plantaris rupture: a mimic of deep venous thrombosis. J Emerg Med. 2011; 40(2): e27–e30.
  10. Masci L, Spang C, van Schie HTM, et al. How to diagnose plantaris tendon involvement in midportion Achilles tendinopathy - clinical and imaging findings. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2016; 17: 97.
  11. Moore KL, Dalley AF, Agur AMR. Clinically Oriented Anatomy. 6th edn. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia. 2010: p. 600.
  12. Olewnik Ł, Wysiadecki G, Polguj M, et al. Anatomic study suggests that the morphology of the plantaris tendon may be related to Achilles tendonitis. Surg Radiol Anat. 2017; 39(1): 69–75.
  13. Pagenstert G, Valderrabano V, Hintermann B. Lateral ankle ligament reconstruction with free plantaris tendon graft. Tech Foot Ankle Surg. 2005; 4(2): 104–112.
  14. Shuhaiber JH, Shuhaiber HH. Plantaris tendon graft for atrioventricular valve repair: a novel hypothetical technique. Tex Heart Inst J. 2003; 30(1): 42–4; discussion 44.
  15. Simpson SL, Hertzog MS, Barja RH. The plantaris tendon graft: an ultrasound study. J Hand Surg Am. 1991; 16(4): 708–711.
  16. Spina AA. The plantaris muscle: anatomy, injury, imaging, and treatment. J Can Chiropr Assoc. 2007; 51(3): 158–165.
  17. van Sterkenburg MN, Kerkhoffs GM, van Dijk CN. Good outcome after stripping the plantaris tendon in patients with chronic mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2011; 19(8): 1362–1366.
  18. van Sterkenburg MN, Kerkhoffs GM, Kleipool RP, et al. The plantaris tendon and a potential role in mid-portion Achilles tendinopathy: an observational anatomical study. J Anat. 2011; 218(3): 336–341.
  19. White WL. The unique, accessible and useful plantaris tendon. Plast Reconstr Surg Transplant Bull. 1960; 25: 133–141.

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl