open access

Vol 75, No 4 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2016-05-10
Submitted: 2016-01-26
Accepted: 2016-03-31
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Histological changes in the vulva and vagina from ovariectomised rats undergoing oestrogen treatment

R. F. Mocan-Hognogi, N. Costin, A. Malutan, R. Ciortea, I. A. Trif, A. L. Nagy, M. L. Bogdan, D. Mihu
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2016.0026
·
Pubmed: 27830882
·
Folia Morphol 2016;75(4):467-473.

open access

Vol 75, No 4 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2016-05-10
Submitted: 2016-01-26
Accepted: 2016-03-31

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the histological changes occurring in the vagina and vulva in ovariectomised female rats, as well as the response to the administration of injectable oestrogens.

Material and methods: We used 30 female Wistar white rats, distributed as follows: group 1 — the control group, group 2 — the operated but untreated rats, and groups 3, 4 and 5 — operated rats, to which oestrogenic treatment was administered (Estradiol, Estradurin, Sintofolin) at a dosage of 0.2 mg/rat/day. After 14 days of treatment, all animals were sacrificed and vaginal and vulvar biopsies were taken from all groups.

Results: In group 2, we encountered structural changes of the vaginal mucosa, with severe atrophy and alterations in the thickness of the vagina and vulva. In groups 3, 4 and 5 we found marked hyperplasia of the vaginal and vulvar epithelium, eosinophilic and mast cell infiltration in the chorion.

Conclusions: Our study proves that the histopathological changes during anoestrus after administration of oestrogens are cell hyperplasia, thickening of the superficial mucosal layer, eosinophilic and mast cells infiltrations, and chorionic congestion. Furthermore, we demonstrated that Estradiol therapy induces the most evident histological changes when compared to synthetic oestrogens such as Estradurin or Sintofolin.  

Abstract

Background: The purpose of this study was to assess the histological changes occurring in the vagina and vulva in ovariectomised female rats, as well as the response to the administration of injectable oestrogens.

Material and methods: We used 30 female Wistar white rats, distributed as follows: group 1 — the control group, group 2 — the operated but untreated rats, and groups 3, 4 and 5 — operated rats, to which oestrogenic treatment was administered (Estradiol, Estradurin, Sintofolin) at a dosage of 0.2 mg/rat/day. After 14 days of treatment, all animals were sacrificed and vaginal and vulvar biopsies were taken from all groups.

Results: In group 2, we encountered structural changes of the vaginal mucosa, with severe atrophy and alterations in the thickness of the vagina and vulva. In groups 3, 4 and 5 we found marked hyperplasia of the vaginal and vulvar epithelium, eosinophilic and mast cell infiltration in the chorion.

Conclusions: Our study proves that the histopathological changes during anoestrus after administration of oestrogens are cell hyperplasia, thickening of the superficial mucosal layer, eosinophilic and mast cells infiltrations, and chorionic congestion. Furthermore, we demonstrated that Estradiol therapy induces the most evident histological changes when compared to synthetic oestrogens such as Estradurin or Sintofolin.  

Get Citation

Keywords

anoestrus, hormone replacement therapy, vulvo-vaginal atrophy, oestrogen receptors

About this article
Title

Histological changes in the vulva and vagina from ovariectomised rats undergoing oestrogen treatment

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 75, No 4 (2016)

Pages

467-473

Published online

2016-05-10

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2016.0026

Pubmed

27830882

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2016;75(4):467-473.

Keywords

anoestrus
hormone replacement therapy
vulvo-vaginal atrophy
oestrogen receptors

Authors

R. F. Mocan-Hognogi
N. Costin
A. Malutan
R. Ciortea
I. A. Trif
A. L. Nagy
M. L. Bogdan
D. Mihu

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