open access

Vol 75, No 3 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2015-12-22
Submitted: 2015-11-09
Accepted: 2015-11-13
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Correlations between selected parameters of nasal cavity in neonates and young infants — computed tomography study

W. Likus, K. Gruszczyńska, J. Markowski, M. Machnikowska-Sokołowska, Z. Olczak, G. Bajor, M. J. Los, J. Baron
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2015.0128
·
Pubmed: 26711652
·
Folia Morphol 2016;75(3):334-340.

open access

Vol 75, No 3 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2015-12-22
Submitted: 2015-11-09
Accepted: 2015-11-13

Abstract

Background: Correlations between selected metric parameters of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx in children without atresia may be useful for anticipating probable dimensions of this region in living subjects, in terms of changes with age.

Materials and methods: One hundred and eighty children, age range 0–3 years, were divided into five age groups, and measurements of 18 distances between structures of nasal cavity and nosopharynx were performed on computed tomography scans. Correlation coefficients and relations between parameters have been determined.

Results: Our study confirmed the existence of statistically significant correlations between linear dimensions within nasal cavity in children. The analysis demon­strated that for the values of following indexes: nasal septum length/piriform aperture width, and maximum length of the nasal septum/posterior nares width no statistically significant differences have been noted between age groups of children. All correlations have been positive. No statistically significant differences have been noted between the maximum width of the vomer and osseous parameters measured, both in the anterior and posterior part of the nasal cavity, and nasal septum length.

Conclusions: The size of posterior nares changed with age in children by a constant value. So far, no such an analysis has been carried out assessing potential correlations between linear dimensions for the entire nasal cavity, nasopharynx, length of the nasal septum in children, as well as proportions of individual linear dimensions of the anatomical structures analysed, in various age groups.

Abstract

Background: Correlations between selected metric parameters of the nasal cavity and nasopharynx in children without atresia may be useful for anticipating probable dimensions of this region in living subjects, in terms of changes with age.

Materials and methods: One hundred and eighty children, age range 0–3 years, were divided into five age groups, and measurements of 18 distances between structures of nasal cavity and nosopharynx were performed on computed tomography scans. Correlation coefficients and relations between parameters have been determined.

Results: Our study confirmed the existence of statistically significant correlations between linear dimensions within nasal cavity in children. The analysis demon­strated that for the values of following indexes: nasal septum length/piriform aperture width, and maximum length of the nasal septum/posterior nares width no statistically significant differences have been noted between age groups of children. All correlations have been positive. No statistically significant differences have been noted between the maximum width of the vomer and osseous parameters measured, both in the anterior and posterior part of the nasal cavity, and nasal septum length.

Conclusions: The size of posterior nares changed with age in children by a constant value. So far, no such an analysis has been carried out assessing potential correlations between linear dimensions for the entire nasal cavity, nasopharynx, length of the nasal septum in children, as well as proportions of individual linear dimensions of the anatomical structures analysed, in various age groups.

Get Citation

Keywords

correlations, nasal cavity, dimensions, infants, children, computed tomography

About this article
Title

Correlations between selected parameters of nasal cavity in neonates and young infants — computed tomography study

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 75, No 3 (2016)

Pages

334-340

Published online

2015-12-22

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2015.0128

Pubmed

26711652

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2016;75(3):334-340.

Keywords

correlations
nasal cavity
dimensions
infants
children
computed tomography

Authors

W. Likus
K. Gruszczyńska
J. Markowski
M. Machnikowska-Sokołowska
Z. Olczak
G. Bajor
M. J. Los
J. Baron

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