open access

Vol 75, No 2 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2015-10-02
Submitted: 2015-08-30
Accepted: 2015-09-03
Get Citation

Foramina of the anterior mandible in dentate and edentulous mandibles

K. Natsis, E. Repousi, I. Asouhidou, Ch. Siskos, A. Ioannidi, M. Piagkou
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2015.0090
·
Pubmed: 26431051
·
Folia Morphol 2016;75(2):204-210.

open access

Vol 75, No 2 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2015-10-02
Submitted: 2015-08-30
Accepted: 2015-09-03

Abstract

The study provides a morphometric analysis of the foramina located at the anterior mandible according to dental status. The inner surface from the midline to the distal border of the second premolars of 70 dentate and 27 edentulous Greek adult dry mandibles was investigated. The lingual foramina were divided into medial and lateral foramina. Foramina located at the alveolar process and the midline were subdivided according to their location to genial tubercles. Moreover, the height of the mandible in the genial symphysis and the distances from the foramina to the alveolar crest and the lower border of the mandible were measured. Medial and lateral lingual foramina were presented in 97.9% and 78.4% of the mandibles, respectively. The alveolar medial and lateral lingual foramina were detected in 19.6% and 27.3%, respectively. The mean height of the genial symphysis was 32.06 ± ± 4.88 mm for the dentate and 23.87± 5.37 mm for the edentulous mandibles. The meticulous knowledge of the topography of the lingual foramina and their content is of paramount importance for dentists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons during dental implants placement. Middle and lateral lingual foramina are constant structures, while the alveolar foramina presented only in dentate mandibles. The foramina location is directly affected by dental status. The morphology of edentulous mandibles increases the risk of intraoperative complications at the anterior mandible.  

Abstract

The study provides a morphometric analysis of the foramina located at the anterior mandible according to dental status. The inner surface from the midline to the distal border of the second premolars of 70 dentate and 27 edentulous Greek adult dry mandibles was investigated. The lingual foramina were divided into medial and lateral foramina. Foramina located at the alveolar process and the midline were subdivided according to their location to genial tubercles. Moreover, the height of the mandible in the genial symphysis and the distances from the foramina to the alveolar crest and the lower border of the mandible were measured. Medial and lateral lingual foramina were presented in 97.9% and 78.4% of the mandibles, respectively. The alveolar medial and lateral lingual foramina were detected in 19.6% and 27.3%, respectively. The mean height of the genial symphysis was 32.06 ± ± 4.88 mm for the dentate and 23.87± 5.37 mm for the edentulous mandibles. The meticulous knowledge of the topography of the lingual foramina and their content is of paramount importance for dentists, oral and maxillofacial surgeons during dental implants placement. Middle and lateral lingual foramina are constant structures, while the alveolar foramina presented only in dentate mandibles. The foramina location is directly affected by dental status. The morphology of edentulous mandibles increases the risk of intraoperative complications at the anterior mandible.  

Get Citation

Keywords

alveolar process, mandible, dental implants, lingual foramina, resorption

About this article
Title

Foramina of the anterior mandible in dentate and edentulous mandibles

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 75, No 2 (2016)

Pages

204-210

Published online

2015-10-02

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2015.0090

Pubmed

26431051

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2016;75(2):204-210.

Keywords

alveolar process
mandible
dental implants
lingual foramina
resorption

Authors

K. Natsis
E. Repousi
I. Asouhidou
Ch. Siskos
A. Ioannidi
M. Piagkou

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl