open access

Vol 75, No 2 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2015-11-18
Submitted: 2015-07-30
Accepted: 2015-10-27
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The potential teratogenic effects of interferon beta-1a and interferon beta-1b on in vitro embryonic development

İ. Uçar, T. Ertekin, M. Nisari, D. Ceylan, Ö. Al, H. Ülger
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2015.0099
·
Pubmed: 26711647
·
Folia Morphol 2016;75(2):257-263.

open access

Vol 75, No 2 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2015-11-18
Submitted: 2015-07-30
Accepted: 2015-10-27

Abstract

Background: Interferon beta (IFNb) was the first proven drug for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). The diagnosis of MS frequently occurs in women at childbearing age (especially in twenties and thirties). Therefore, the pregnancy process is major concern for many women with MS. Data on women exposed to IFNb during pregnancy are limited. The aim of our study was to investigate the teratogenic potential of IFNb on embryonic development via embryo culture technique. Recently, this technique has been often used for determining teratogenic effect of pharmacologic drugs and potential teratogens on embryonic development.

Materials and methods: In this study, IFNb was applied to the culture medium and after 48 h of culture effects of IFNbs (1000 IU/IFNb-1a and 1000 IU/IFNb-1b) on embryonic development were morphologically investigated.

Results: According to morphologic scoring system, total morphologic score, somite number and protein contents were similar between control group and two experimental groups (p > 0.05). On the other hand, yolk sac diameter, crown- -rump length and head length were significantly decreased in two experimental groups compared with control group (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Consequently, IFNb-1a and IFNb-1b, applied to the culture medium, have no macroscopic teratogenic effect on embryonic development. However, in respect of morphometric measurements, IFNb-1a and IFNb-1b have caused growth retardation in embryo. This research related to interferon was the first study using vitro embryo culture technique; thus, in our point of view, future studies which will be performed by using different doses of IFN will contribute to the literature.

Abstract

Background: Interferon beta (IFNb) was the first proven drug for the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). The diagnosis of MS frequently occurs in women at childbearing age (especially in twenties and thirties). Therefore, the pregnancy process is major concern for many women with MS. Data on women exposed to IFNb during pregnancy are limited. The aim of our study was to investigate the teratogenic potential of IFNb on embryonic development via embryo culture technique. Recently, this technique has been often used for determining teratogenic effect of pharmacologic drugs and potential teratogens on embryonic development.

Materials and methods: In this study, IFNb was applied to the culture medium and after 48 h of culture effects of IFNbs (1000 IU/IFNb-1a and 1000 IU/IFNb-1b) on embryonic development were morphologically investigated.

Results: According to morphologic scoring system, total morphologic score, somite number and protein contents were similar between control group and two experimental groups (p > 0.05). On the other hand, yolk sac diameter, crown- -rump length and head length were significantly decreased in two experimental groups compared with control group (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Consequently, IFNb-1a and IFNb-1b, applied to the culture medium, have no macroscopic teratogenic effect on embryonic development. However, in respect of morphometric measurements, IFNb-1a and IFNb-1b have caused growth retardation in embryo. This research related to interferon was the first study using vitro embryo culture technique; thus, in our point of view, future studies which will be performed by using different doses of IFN will contribute to the literature.

Get Citation

Keywords

interferon b-1a, interferon b-1b, whole rat embryo culture

About this article
Title

The potential teratogenic effects of interferon beta-1a and interferon beta-1b on in vitro embryonic development

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 75, No 2 (2016)

Pages

257-263

Published online

2015-11-18

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2015.0099

Pubmed

26711647

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2016;75(2):257-263.

Keywords

interferon b-1a
interferon b-1b
whole rat embryo culture

Authors

İ. Uçar
T. Ertekin
M. Nisari
D. Ceylan
Ö. Al
H. Ülger

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