open access

Vol 75, No 1 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2016-02-29
Submitted: 2015-04-02
Accepted: 2015-05-12
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Morphological predictors of sleep apnoea severity

J. Wysocki, M. Krasny, M. Prus
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2015.0069
·
Pubmed: 26365859
·
Folia Morphol 2016;75(1):107-111.

open access

Vol 75, No 1 (2016)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2016-02-29
Submitted: 2015-04-02
Accepted: 2015-05-12

Abstract

Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) does not always depend on obesity but on a certain morphological configuration. The study objective was to verify a hypothesis about a relation between anthropometric features and OSA occurrence and severity.

Materials and methods: The study involved 138 patients, who had reported in Department and Clinic of Otolaryngology, Warsaw Medical University, due to suspected OSA. Each patient underwent morphological evaluation according to visual analogue scales. The assessment involved nasal septum morphology evaluation according to a 4-grade scale, palate morphology evaluation according to the 4-grade Friedman scale, whereas the facial profile, oropharyngeal isthmus, and the shape of the nasopharynx were assessed according to our own 3-grade scale.

Results: Statistical analysis confirmed the high concordance of the basic polysomnographic parameters with the Friedman scale and the shape of the oropharyngeal isthmus.

Conclusions: 1. The modified Mallampati score as well as evaluation of the shape of the oropharyngeal isthmus demonstrated high concordance with the basic polysomnographic parameters. 2. The neck circumference is a significant predictor of the apnoea-hypopnoea index value in males suffering from the OSA syndrome

Abstract

Background: Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) does not always depend on obesity but on a certain morphological configuration. The study objective was to verify a hypothesis about a relation between anthropometric features and OSA occurrence and severity.

Materials and methods: The study involved 138 patients, who had reported in Department and Clinic of Otolaryngology, Warsaw Medical University, due to suspected OSA. Each patient underwent morphological evaluation according to visual analogue scales. The assessment involved nasal septum morphology evaluation according to a 4-grade scale, palate morphology evaluation according to the 4-grade Friedman scale, whereas the facial profile, oropharyngeal isthmus, and the shape of the nasopharynx were assessed according to our own 3-grade scale.

Results: Statistical analysis confirmed the high concordance of the basic polysomnographic parameters with the Friedman scale and the shape of the oropharyngeal isthmus.

Conclusions: 1. The modified Mallampati score as well as evaluation of the shape of the oropharyngeal isthmus demonstrated high concordance with the basic polysomnographic parameters. 2. The neck circumference is a significant predictor of the apnoea-hypopnoea index value in males suffering from the OSA syndrome

Get Citation

Keywords

obstructive sleep apnoea, nasopharynx, airway obstruction, risk factors

About this article
Title

Morphological predictors of sleep apnoea severity

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 75, No 1 (2016)

Pages

107-111

Published online

2016-02-29

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2015.0069

Pubmed

26365859

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2016;75(1):107-111.

Keywords

obstructive sleep apnoea
nasopharynx
airway obstruction
risk factors

Authors

J. Wysocki
M. Krasny
M. Prus

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