open access

Vol 74, No 2 (2015)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2015-05-28
Submitted: 2014-08-09
Accepted: 2014-08-29
Get Citation

Sexual dimorphism of human vallate papillae: an in vivo study of normative morphology

M. J Zdilla, L. N. Gibson, A. J. Hunt
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2015.0038
·
Pubmed: 26050814
·
Folia Morphol 2015;74(2):245-251.

open access

Vol 74, No 2 (2015)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2015-05-28
Submitted: 2014-08-09
Accepted: 2014-08-29

Abstract

The perimeters of vallate papillae (VP) house approximately half of the taste buds on the human tongue. However, little information exists regarding perimeter measurements of VP. Likewise, great diversity exists among reports of the number of VP and diameter of VP, in general. The research presents an analysis of the perimeters, counts, and diameters of VP in vivo. Endoscopic examination was performed on 79 individuals (40 females, 39 males) between 18 and 26 years of age. A total of 583 VP were counted, 565 of which were able to be measured. Data revealed a statistically significant difference between male and female VP count (t(75.6) = 4.5; p = 0.00003). Females had, on average, 2.22 more VP than males. Males were found to have larger mean VP diameter per person and mean VP perimeter per person than females (t(58.9) = –2.4; p = 0.021 and t(59.3) = –2.4; p = 0.019, respectively). The report demonstrates that VP are sexually dimorphic at the gross anatomical level.

Abstract

The perimeters of vallate papillae (VP) house approximately half of the taste buds on the human tongue. However, little information exists regarding perimeter measurements of VP. Likewise, great diversity exists among reports of the number of VP and diameter of VP, in general. The research presents an analysis of the perimeters, counts, and diameters of VP in vivo. Endoscopic examination was performed on 79 individuals (40 females, 39 males) between 18 and 26 years of age. A total of 583 VP were counted, 565 of which were able to be measured. Data revealed a statistically significant difference between male and female VP count (t(75.6) = 4.5; p = 0.00003). Females had, on average, 2.22 more VP than males. Males were found to have larger mean VP diameter per person and mean VP perimeter per person than females (t(58.9) = –2.4; p = 0.021 and t(59.3) = –2.4; p = 0.019, respectively). The report demonstrates that VP are sexually dimorphic at the gross anatomical level.

Get Citation

Keywords

circumvallate papillae, gustation, gustatory papillae, lingual papillae, taste, taste buds, tongue

About this article
Title

Sexual dimorphism of human vallate papillae: an in vivo study of normative morphology

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 74, No 2 (2015)

Pages

245-251

Published online

2015-05-28

DOI

10.5603/FM.2015.0038

Pubmed

26050814

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2015;74(2):245-251.

Keywords

circumvallate papillae
gustation
gustatory papillae
lingual papillae
taste
taste buds
tongue

Authors

M. J Zdilla
L. N. Gibson
A. J. Hunt

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

By  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk, Poland

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl