Vol 74, No 2 (2015)
Original article
Published online: 2015-05-28

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The Turin Shroud face: the evidence of maxillo-facial trauma

A. Majorana, E. Bardellini, G. Gulino, G. Conti, G. Farronato, L. Rodella
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2015.0033
Pubmed: 26050809
Folia Morphol 2015;74(2):212-218.


The Turin Shroud (TS) is a linen cloth commonly associated with Jesus Christ, his crucifixion and burial. Several medical specialists have debated the injuries of the TS Man, nevertheless there are no detailed and quantitative data about the anatomy of the TS face. The purpose of this study was to analyse the cephalometric measurements of the face image of the TS. The TS face image was acquired by a picture and processed using a cephalometric software, Oris Ceph® (Up to date 2012). The image of the soft tissues was processed in order to obtain skeletal points and a cephalometric analysis of the soft and skeletal tissues was performed. Image processing of the TS face shows that the Man represented in it has undergone a maxillo-facial trauma, especially a left displacement of the mandible, probably due to temporo-mandibular joint lesions. This condition has not been described before, despite several studies on the subject.