open access

Vol 73, No 4 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-11-28
Submitted: 2014-03-20
Accepted: 2014-04-26
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Variations in the squamous part of the occipital bone in medieval and contemporary cranial series from Bulgaria

S. Nikolova, D. Toneva, Y. Yordanov, N. Lazarov
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2014.0055
·
Folia Morphol 2014;73(4):429-438.

open access

Vol 73, No 4 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-11-28
Submitted: 2014-03-20
Accepted: 2014-04-26

Abstract

The squamous part of the occipital bone is a place of many different variations. They are a result of faulty ossification in the occipital squama or due to the presence of sutural bones in the lambda region. As their differentiation is intricate because of the various criteria used, the issue of their recognition in the adult skull still remains difficult even though they can be clearly distinguished at a younger age. The aim of the present study was to compare the frequency of interparietal, preinterparietal and sutural bones in the lambda region in medieval male and female cranial series as well as between medieval and contemporary male series from Bulgaria. We also discuss the development of the occipital squama in order to set clearer criteria for further differentiation of such variations in the adult skull. In the reviewed 3 cranial series, the variations in the squamous portion of the occipital bone were observed with a low frequency. The incidence of preinterparietal bones was more common than the interparietal ones. The sutural bones in the lambda region were numerous in the series. No statistically significant sex or intergroup differences were established. So even if these anatomical variations are relatively rare, the understanding of them is of significance for many disciplines like anthropology, comparative and developmental anatomy, clinical and forensic medicine.

Abstract

The squamous part of the occipital bone is a place of many different variations. They are a result of faulty ossification in the occipital squama or due to the presence of sutural bones in the lambda region. As their differentiation is intricate because of the various criteria used, the issue of their recognition in the adult skull still remains difficult even though they can be clearly distinguished at a younger age. The aim of the present study was to compare the frequency of interparietal, preinterparietal and sutural bones in the lambda region in medieval male and female cranial series as well as between medieval and contemporary male series from Bulgaria. We also discuss the development of the occipital squama in order to set clearer criteria for further differentiation of such variations in the adult skull. In the reviewed 3 cranial series, the variations in the squamous portion of the occipital bone were observed with a low frequency. The incidence of preinterparietal bones was more common than the interparietal ones. The sutural bones in the lambda region were numerous in the series. No statistically significant sex or intergroup differences were established. So even if these anatomical variations are relatively rare, the understanding of them is of significance for many disciplines like anthropology, comparative and developmental anatomy, clinical and forensic medicine.

Get Citation

Keywords

interparietal bone, preinterparietal bone, sutural bones

About this article
Title

Variations in the squamous part of the occipital bone in medieval and contemporary cranial series from Bulgaria

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 73, No 4 (2014)

Pages

429-438

Published online

2014-11-28

DOI

10.5603/FM.2014.0055

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2014;73(4):429-438.

Keywords

interparietal bone
preinterparietal bone
sutural bones

Authors

S. Nikolova
D. Toneva
Y. Yordanov
N. Lazarov

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