open access

Vol 73, No 4 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-11-28
Submitted: 2014-03-14
Accepted: 2014-04-26
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Corrosion cast study of the canine hepatic veins

M. Uršič, M. Vrecl, G. Fazarinc
DOI: 10.5603/FM.2014.0071
·
Folia Morphol 2014;73(4):475-481.

open access

Vol 73, No 4 (2014)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2014-11-28
Submitted: 2014-03-14
Accepted: 2014-04-26

Abstract

This study presents a detailed description of the distribution, diameters and drainage patterns of hepatic veins on the basis of the corrosion cast analysis in 18 dogs. We classified the hepatic veins in three main groups: the right hepatic veins of the caudate process and right lateral liver lobe, the middle hepatic veins of the right medial and quadrate lobes and the left hepatic veins of both left liver lobes and the papillary process.

The corrosion cast study showed that the number of the veins in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria and most anatomical textbooks is underestimated. The number of various-sized hepatic veins of the right liver division ranged from 3 to 5 and included 1 to 4 veins from the caudate process and 2 to 4 veins from the right lateral liver lobe. Generally, in all corrosion casts, one middle-sized vein from the right part of the right medial lobe, which emptied separately in the caudal vena cava, was established. The other vein was a large-sized vein from the remainder of the central division, which frequently joined the common left hepatic vein from the left liver lobes. The common left hepatic vein was the largest of all the aforementioned hepatic veins.

Abstract

This study presents a detailed description of the distribution, diameters and drainage patterns of hepatic veins on the basis of the corrosion cast analysis in 18 dogs. We classified the hepatic veins in three main groups: the right hepatic veins of the caudate process and right lateral liver lobe, the middle hepatic veins of the right medial and quadrate lobes and the left hepatic veins of both left liver lobes and the papillary process.

The corrosion cast study showed that the number of the veins in the Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria and most anatomical textbooks is underestimated. The number of various-sized hepatic veins of the right liver division ranged from 3 to 5 and included 1 to 4 veins from the caudate process and 2 to 4 veins from the right lateral liver lobe. Generally, in all corrosion casts, one middle-sized vein from the right part of the right medial lobe, which emptied separately in the caudal vena cava, was established. The other vein was a large-sized vein from the remainder of the central division, which frequently joined the common left hepatic vein from the left liver lobes. The common left hepatic vein was the largest of all the aforementioned hepatic veins.

Get Citation

Keywords

liver, veins, branching pattern, dog

About this article
Title

Corrosion cast study of the canine hepatic veins

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Vol 73, No 4 (2014)

Pages

475-481

Published online

2014-11-28

DOI

10.5603/FM.2014.0071

Bibliographic record

Folia Morphol 2014;73(4):475-481.

Keywords

liver
veins
branching pattern
dog

Authors

M. Uršič
M. Vrecl
G. Fazarinc

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